An exploration of global Jewish responses to the years 1939 to 1973, a time of unprecedented destruction, dislocation, agency, and creativity. The Posen Library of Jewish Culture and Civilization Volume 9 covers the years 1939 to 1973, a period that editors Kassow and Roskies call "one of the most tragic and dramatic in Jewish history." Organized geographically and then by genre, this book details Jewish cultural and intellectual resources throughout this era, particularly in political thought, literature, the visual and performing arts, and religion. This volume explores worldwide Jewish perceptions of momentous events that transpired in the mid-twentieth century and how Jews redefined themselves across regions throughout an era rife with tragedy, displacement, and dispersion. The breadth and depth of this work goes beyond any comparable collection, with detailed insights and sharp focus to accompany its breathtaking scope. A major, ten-volume anthology project more than a decade in the making, the Posen Library is an ideal reference tool for scholars, teachers, and students at all levels.