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Morality and Mathematics by Justin Clarke-Doane

Title Morality and Mathematics
Author Justin Clarke-Doane
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release 2020-03-12
Category Mathematics
Total Pages 208
ISBN 0198823665
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

To what extent are the subjects of our thoughts and talk real? This is the question of realism. In this book, Justin Clarke-Doane explores arguments for and against moral realism and mathematical realism, how they interact, and what they can tell us about areas of philosophical interest more generally. He argues that, contrary to widespread belief, our mathematical beliefs have no better claim to being self-evident or provable than our moral beliefs. Nor do our mathematical beliefs have better claim to being empirically justified than our moral beliefs. It is also incorrect that reflection on the "genealogy" of our moral beliefs establishes a lack of parity between the cases. In general, if one is a moral antirealist on the basis of epistemological considerations, then one ought to be a mathematical antirealist as well. And, yet, Clarke-Doane shows that moral realism and mathematical realism do not stand or fall together -- and for a surprising reason. Moral questions, insofar as they are practical, are objective in a sense that mathematical questions are not, and the sense in which they are objective can only be explained by assuming practical anti-realism. One upshot of the discussion is that the concepts of realism and objectivity, which are widely identified, are actually in tension. Another is that the objective questions in the neighborhood of factual areas like logic, modality, grounding, and nature are practical questions too. Practical philosophy should, therefore, take center stage.

Morality in Context by Wolfgang Edelstein

Title Morality in Context
Author Wolfgang Edelstein
Publisher Elsevier
Release 2005-07-25
Category Psychology
Total Pages 418
ISBN 9780080456973
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Morality in context is a timely topic. A debate between philosophers and social scientists is a good way to approach it. Why is there such a booming interest in morality and why does it focus on context? One starting point is the change in the sociostructural and sociocultural conditions of modern societies. This involves change in the empirical conditions of moral action and in the social demand on morality. As these changes are accounted for and analyzed in the social sciences, new perspectives emerge that give rise to new ways of framing issues and problems. These problems are best addressed by way of cooperation between philosophers and social scientists. As Habermas (1990) has pointed out in a much cited paper, philosophers depend on social science to fill in the data they require to answer the questions raised by philosophy in its "placeholder" function. The reverse also holds true: Social science needs the conceptual clarifications that philosophy can provide. With respect to morality, such mutual interchanges are of particular importance the contributions to this book show convincingly.

On the Basis of Morality by Arthur Schopenhauer

Title On the Basis of Morality
Author Arthur Schopenhauer
Publisher Hackett Publishing
Release 1998
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 226
ISBN 9780872204423
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

First published in 1995, this revised translation by E.F.J. Payne of Schopenhauer's Uber das Fundament der Moral is based on the venerable Huabscher edition (seven volumes, Wiesbaden, 1946-1950). This edition includes Schopenhauer's prefaces to the first and second editions, as well as an introduction by David E. Cartwright (philosophy, U. of Wisconsin-Whitewater). Distributed by Hackett Publishing. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Men Management and Morality by Robert T. Golembiewski

Title Men Management and Morality
Author Robert T. Golembiewski
Publisher Transaction Publishers
Release 1989
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 320
ISBN 9781412828475
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Reprint with a new introduction by the author. Originally published 1965, McGraw-Hill. Golembiewski, (political science, U. of Georgia) proposes a firm link between organizational values and the use of social and behavioral scientific knowledge. Annotation(c) 2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Morality among Nations by Mary Maxwell

Title Morality among Nations
Author Mary Maxwell
Publisher SUNY Press
Release 1990-01-01
Category Political Science
Total Pages 198
ISBN 9780791403495
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Morality among Nations, a rejoinder to Hans Morgenthau's Politics among Nations, offers a pathbreaking synthesis of sociobiology and international relations theory. It shows that two different moralities evolved in human pre-history--one, the "standard morality" from which abstract ethical principles arise concerning such things as obligation and justice; and the other, "group morality" or the proclamation of the group's right to survive and its superiority over other groups. Part One surveys the philosophical literature on the question of international morality, introducing arguments offered by both classical theorists such as Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Grotius, as well as twentieth century writers such as Reinhold Niebuhr, Hedley Bull, Richard Falk, and Charles Beitz. Part Two presents the relevant sociobiological theories focusing on Robert Trivers' work on the evolution of moral emotions, and Richard Alexander's and Pierre van den Berghe's work on the evolution of group behavior and ethnocentrism. Part Three analyzes the traditional philosophical work on international morality in light of new sociobiological ideas.

Nietzsche Genealogy Morality by Richard Schacht

Title Nietzsche Genealogy Morality
Author Richard Schacht
Publisher Univ of California Press
Release 1994-06-15
Category History
Total Pages 479
ISBN 9780520083189
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morals has become a prominent text of recent Western philosophy. An influence on psychoanalysis, antihistoricism, and poststructuralism and an abiding challenge to ethical theory, the philosopher's book addressed many of the major philosophical problems and possibilities of modernity. In this collection of essays focusing on Nietzsche's book, twenty-five philosophers offer discussions of the book's central themes and concepts. They explore such notions as ressentiment, asceticism, "slave" and "master" moralities, and what Nietzsche calls "genealogy" and its relation to other forms of inquiry in his work.

Morality for Moderns by Corbin Fowler

Title Morality for Moderns
Author Corbin Fowler
Publisher Rodopi
Release 1996
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 152
ISBN 9789051839241
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book defends morality against the critiques of egoims, subjectivism, and relativism. It argues that we can and should construe some moral standards as objective and that justice and self-development are the cornerstones of healthy morality. Opening with a dialogue meant to tease and provoke the reader, the book's subsequent chapters treat misconceptions about morality, the possibility of unselfish action, the nature of free will and moral responsibility, and the identity of moral right and wrong.

Situation Ethics by Joseph F. Fletcher

Title Situation Ethics
Author Joseph F. Fletcher
Publisher Westminster John Knox Press
Release 1997-01-01
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 176
ISBN 9780664257613
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This is a new edition of Joseph Fletcher's 1966 work that ignited a firestorm of controversy at the time of its publication. It was hailed by many as a much-needed reformation of morality--and as an invitation to anarchy by others.

Law and Morality by David Dyzenhaus

Title Law and Morality
Author David Dyzenhaus
Publisher University of Toronto Press
Release 2001-01-01
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 1061
ISBN 9780802084477
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Filling a long-standing need for a Canadian textbook in the philosophy of law, this anthology includes articles, readings, and cases in legal philosophy to give students the conceptual tools necessary to consider the general problems of jurisprudence.

Morality by Bernard Gert

Title Morality
Author Bernard Gert
Publisher Oxford University Press on Demand
Release 1998
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 408
ISBN 0195122569
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In this final revision of the classic work, the author has produced the fullest and most sophisticated account of this influential theoretical model. Here, he makes clear that morality is an informal system that does not provide unique answers to every moral question but does always limit the range of morally acceptable options, and so explains why some moral disagreements cannot be resolved. The importance placed on the moral ideals also makes clear that the moral rules are only one part of the moral system. A chapter that is devoted to justifying violations of the rules illustrates how the moral rules are embedded in the system and cannot be adequately understood independently of it. The chapter on reasons includes a new account of what makes one reason better than another and elucidates the complex hybrid nature of rationality.

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