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Ancient Egyptian Language and Writing by Charles River Editors

Title Ancient Egyptian Language and Writing
Author Charles River Editors
Publisher
Release 2019-09-07
Category
Total Pages 48
ISBN 9781689796866
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

*Includes pictures *Includes excerpts of ancient accounts *Includes a bibliography for further reading Perhaps not surprisingly given how advanced they were in comparison to contemporaries, the Egyptians invented one of the first writing systems ever, and for centuries, people thought these ancient texts held some sort of secret, be it aliens, advanced technology lost to the world, or mystical cures for all of the world's ills. Even the ancient Egyptians saw their writing systems as full of mystery and hidden knowledge - according to Egyptian mythology, writing was invented by the ibis-headed god Thoth, the most intellectual of the gods. He was a scribe, also associated with mathematics, medicine, and astronomy, and could appear as either an ibis or a baboon. Thoth was originally a lunar god, strongly associated with recording events and time. He is more commonly known as the scribe who records judgment in the famous weighing of the heart scene in which a person's fate in the afterlife is decided To the Egyptians, writing was a gift of the gods and should be used accordingly. It was powerful and had the ability to create. For example, written formula offerings could provide sustenance in multiple ways, including being written, depicting the offerings, and read aloud. Each of these methods brought offerings to the recipient for all of eternity. Speaking words was especially powerful as shown in myths where the gods create in this fashion. One such myth is the "Memphite Theology," where the creator god Ptah creates other beings through the "thoughts of his heart and the words of his mouth." Furthermore, writing a person or a god's name gave them power, and erasing their names took the power away. By placing his name on it, a person or king could usurp a statue from someone else. Since writing was hieroglyphic, it was also art, and the images held power. This is evidenced by signs or images being disfigured in tombs or funerary settings, so as not to hurt the owners. These so-called "mutilated signs" were often of serpents or other animals that were able to harm the deceased. The signs might also be left incomplete for the same purpose. That being said, real people wrote these texts. Some of the scribes might have considered themselves magicians, but they weren't time travelers, aliens, or gods. Ancient Egyptian writing is often extremely complex and filled with puns, vague statements about religious mysteries, and general witty banter. In addition to those extremely well-written and thought-out texts, there is also a range of personal letters, administrative texts, and even graffiti. When reading some of these texts, it is remarkable how similar the people of ancient Egypt were to people today when it came to their daily concerns and even the jokes they told. The ancient Egyptian language was Afro-Asiatic, distantly related to Semitic and African ones, and the writing system only used consonants and not vowels, due to the root system. This is similar to how Arabic or Hebrew is written today. Most words had a root of two or three consonants, and the vowels changed based on the form of the word. Ancient Egyptian Language and Writing: The History and Legacy of Hieroglyphs and Scripts in Ancient Egypt examines the history of writing in Egypt, and how it evolved over thousands of years. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Egyptian language and writing like never before.

Title The Ancient Egyptian Universal Writing Modes
Author Moustafa Gadalla
Publisher Moustafa Gadalla
Release 2017-04-06
Category Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Pages 394
ISBN 1931446911
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Egyptian Alphabetical language is the MOTHER and origin of all languages; and how it was diffused to become other 'languages' throughout the world. This book will show how the Egyptians had various modes of writings for various purposes , and how the Egyptian modes were falsely designated as "separate languages" belonging to others. ;the falsehood of having different languages on the Rosetta (and numerous other like) Stone; evaluation of the "hieratic' and "demotic" forms of writing. The book will also highlight how the Egyptian Alphabetical language is the MOTHER and origin of all languages (as confirmed by all writers of antiquities); and how this one original language came to be called Greek, Hebrew, Arabic and other 'languages' throughout the world—through deterioration of sound values via 'sound shifts', as well as foreign degradation of the original Egyptian writing forms. The book is divided into seven parts with a total of 24 chapters, as follows: Part I. Denial, Distortion and Diversion has 3 chapters—Chapters 1 to 3: Chapter 1: The Archetypal Primacy of The Egyptian Alphabet will show the role and remote history of alphabetical letter-forms writing in Ancient Egypt prior to any other place on earth. Chapter 2: The Concealment of The Supreme Egyptian Alphabet will show the incredible western academia scheme to conceal the Ancient Egyptian alphabetical letter-forms from its prominent position in the history of writing. Chapter 3: The Diversion of A Proto-Sinaitic "Phoenician Connection" will uncover all the facts about having "Phoenicians" as the inventor of alphabets on an Egyptian soil! Part II. Formation and Forms of Egyptian Alphabetic Writings has 6 chapters—Chapters 4 to 9: Chapter 4: Genesis of Egyptian Alphabetic Letters/Writing will refute the unfounded obsession that alphabetical letter-forms were derived from pictures; and the differences between ideograms, signs and alphabetical writing. Chapter 5: The Egyptian Sound Organization of Letters will cover the primary three vowels as the originators of all vowel sounds and associated consonants. Chapter 6: The Egyptian Alphabetic Writing Styles will sort out present common confusion of Ancient Egyptian styles of writing and set the two primary styles as uncials and cursive. Chapter 7: The Profession of Egyptian Scribes will cover the range of Egyptian writings; the profession of scribes; writing surfaces & instruments; and documentations of official missions by Egyptian scribes. Chapter 8: Multiple Writing Forms of a Single Document will cover the commonality of have several styles of same language on a single document; and examples of multiple writing forms on Egyptian magical divination papyri as well as on Egyptian stelae. Chapter 9: Multiple Writing Forms of The Rosetta Stone will expose the total misrepresentation of the three Egyptian writing forms on the Rosetta Stone as incorrectly being Egyptian and "Greek"! Part III. How The One World Language Became The Many has five chapters—Chapters 10 to 14: Chapter 10: The Beacon of the Ancient World will cover Egyptian settlements throughout the world; Ancient Egypt and The Seven Seas; Ancient Egypt as the World economic engine; the dominant Egyptian language; and the Egyptian Mother language of all language families. Chapter 11: Common Characteristics of Ancient Egyptian Alphabetic Writing System will detail such characteristics. Chapter 12: Letter-forms Divergence of World Alphabets From Its Egyptian Origin will cover the apparent variations of alphabetical letter-forms in world alphabets from its Egyptian origin; as well as an overview of the archetypal 28 Egyptian alphabetical letter-forms and their divergence into other regions of the world. Chapter 13: Sound Divergence of World Alphabets From Its Egyptian Origin will cover the systematic sound variations; as well as causes and effects of sound divergence from its Egyptian origin into other world alphabets. Chapter 14: Cavalier Designations of New Languages will cover how a new language has been awarded as a symbol of identity for winners of wars and new religions; as well as how "new" languages were fabricated from Egyptian scripts. Part IV. The Primary Linguistic Characteristics of The Egyptian Language has one chapter—Chapter 15: Chapter 15: The Primary Linguistic Characteristics of The Egyptian Language will cover the four pillars of a language; as well as an overview of the Egyptian prototypal interconnected lexicon, grammar and syntax. Part V. Out of Egypt—Diffusion Patterns To Asia and Africa has 5 chapters—Chapters 16 to 20: Chapter 16: Hebrew and Moses of Egypt will show the Egyptian origin of Hebrew and the absence of any linguistic distinction between Hebrew and the Ancient Egyptian language. Chapter 17: The Ancient Egyptian Hegemony of Asiatic Neighbors will discuss the found scripts in North and South Arabia; and clear up all apparent differences between them and the Ancient Egyptian writing system. Chapter 18: The African Connections will discuss the history and details of the Ethiopic language(s) and clear up all apparent differences between them and the Ancient Egyptian writing system. Chapter 19: From Egypt To India and Beyond will cover the two primary inscription styles in the Indian Sub-Continent; and clear up all apparent differences between them and the Ancient Egyptian writing system. Chapter 20: From Egypt to The Black Sea Basin [Georgia & Armenia] will cover affinities of languages from Central Asia To the Black Sea Basin; Ancient Egyptian settlements in the Black Sea Basin; Pre-existence of "Armenian/Georgian" alphabets in Ancient Egypt; and sameness of Ancient Egyptian alphabetical writing system in later "Georgian & Armenian Languages". Part VI. Out of Egypt—Diffusion Patterns To Europe has two chapters—Chapters 21 & 22: Chapter 21: Greek: A Shameless Linguistic Heist will cover role of Greeks in Ancient Egypt as hired security guards; pre-existence of the proclaimed "Greek" alphabetical letter-forms in the Ancient Egyptian system; robbing and postdating Egyptian scripts to rename them as "Greek"; and the absence of any linguistic distinction between Greek and the Ancient Egyptian language. Chapter 22: The European Languages will cover Etruscan, Latin and Hispanic languages; and the absence of any linguistic distinction between them and the Ancient Egyptian language. Part VII. The Ancient Future of The Universal Language has two chapters—Chapters 23 & 24: Chapter 23: Egyptian Alphabetical Vocalic Language [Past, Present & Future] will cover the state of the vocalic and written language in Egypt and the minor changes that occurred over thousands of years. Chapter 24: Renaissance & Seeking the Universal Language—The Ancient Future will cover an overview of the English language's inconsistent phonetic writing system; Renaissance search for a Universal Language; and how such a language, by all accounts is the [Ancient] Egyptian Language.

Egyptian Hieroglyphics by Stéphane Rossini

Title Egyptian Hieroglyphics
Author Stéphane Rossini
Publisher Courier Corporation
Release 1989-06
Category History
Total Pages 96
ISBN 0486260135
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Guides readers to understand and transcribe hieroglyphics by presenting and explaining phonetic elements.

Title The Ancient Egyptian Universal Writing Modes
Author Moustafa Gadalla
Publisher Moustafa Gadalla
Release 2017-04-06
Category Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Pages 232
ISBN 193144692X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Egyptian Alphabetical language is the MOTHER and origin of all languages; and how it was diffused to become other 'languages' throughout the world. This book will show how the Egyptians had various modes of writings for various purposes , and how the Egyptian modes were falsely designated as "separate languages" belonging to others. ;the falsehood of having different languages on the Rosetta (and numerous other like) Stone; evaluation of the "hieratic' and "demotic" forms of writing. The book will also highlight how the Egyptian Alphabetical language is the MOTHER and origin of all languages (as confirmed by all writers of antiquities); and how this one original language came to be called Greek, Hebrew, Arabic and other 'languages' throughout the world—through deterioration of sound values via 'sound shifts', as well as foreign degradation of the original Egyptian writing forms. The book is divided into seven parts with a total of 24 chapters, as follows: Part I. Denial, Distortion and Diversion has 3 chapters—Chapters 1 to 3: Chapter 1: The Archetypal Primacy of The Egyptian Alphabet will show the role and remote history of alphabetical letter-forms writing in Ancient Egypt prior to any other place on earth. Chapter 2: The Concealment of The Supreme Egyptian Alphabet will show the incredible western academia scheme to conceal the Ancient Egyptian alphabetical letter-forms from its prominent position in the history of writing. Chapter 3: The Diversion of A Proto-Sinaitic "Phoenician Connection" will uncover all the facts about having "Phoenicians" as the inventor of alphabets on an Egyptian soil! Part II. Formation and Forms of Egyptian Alphabetic Writings has 6 chapters—Chapters 4 to 9: Chapter 4: Genesis of Egyptian Alphabetic Letters/Writing will refute the unfounded obsession that alphabetical letter-forms were derived from pictures; and the differences between ideograms, signs and alphabetical writing. Chapter 5: The Egyptian Sound Organization of Letters will cover the primary three vowels as the originators of all vowel sounds and associated consonants. Chapter 6: The Egyptian Alphabetic Writing Styles will sort out present common confusion of Ancient Egyptian styles of writing and set the two primary styles as uncials and cursive. Chapter 7: The Profession of Egyptian Scribes will cover the range of Egyptian writings; the profession of scribes; writing surfaces & instruments; and documentations of official missions by Egyptian scribes. Chapter 8: Multiple Writing Forms of a Single Document will cover the commonality of have several styles of same language on a single document; and examples of multiple writing forms on Egyptian magical divination papyri as well as on Egyptian stelae. Chapter 9: Multiple Writing Forms of The Rosetta Stone will expose the total misrepresentation of the three Egyptian writing forms on the Rosetta Stone as incorrectly being Egyptian and "Greek"! Part III. How The One World Language Became The Many has five chapters—Chapters 10 to 14: Chapter 10: The Beacon of the Ancient World will cover Egyptian settlements throughout the world; Ancient Egypt and The Seven Seas; Ancient Egypt as the World economic engine; the dominant Egyptian language; and the Egyptian Mother language of all language families. Chapter 11: Common Characteristics of Ancient Egyptian Alphabetic Writing System will detail such characteristics. Chapter 12: Letter-forms Divergence of World Alphabets From Its Egyptian Origin will cover the apparent variations of alphabetical letter-forms in world alphabets from its Egyptian origin; as well as an overview of the archetypal 28 Egyptian alphabetical letter-forms and their divergence into other regions of the world. Chapter 13: Sound Divergence of World Alphabets From Its Egyptian Origin will cover the systematic sound variations; as well as causes and effects of sound divergence from its Egyptian origin into other world alphabets. Chapter 14: Cavalier Designations of New Languages will cover how a new language has been awarded as a symbol of identity for winners of wars and new religions; as well as how "new" languages were fabricated from Egyptian scripts. Part IV. The Primary Linguistic Characteristics of The Egyptian Language has one chapter—Chapter 15: Chapter 15: The Primary Linguistic Characteristics of The Egyptian Language will cover the four pillars of a language; as well as an overview of the Egyptian prototypal interconnected lexicon, grammar and syntax. Part V. Out of Egypt—Diffusion Patterns To Asia and Africa has 5 chapters—Chapters 16 to 20: Chapter 16: Hebrew and Moses of Egypt will show the Egyptian origin of Hebrew and the absence of any linguistic distinction between Hebrew and the Ancient Egyptian language. Chapter 17: The Ancient Egyptian Hegemony of Asiatic Neighbors will discuss the found scripts in North and South Arabia; and clear up all apparent differences between them and the Ancient Egyptian writing system. Chapter 18: The African Connections will discuss the history and details of the Ethiopic language(s) and clear up all apparent differences between them and the Ancient Egyptian writing system. Chapter 19: From Egypt To India and Beyond will cover the two primary inscription styles in the Indian Sub-Continent; and clear up all apparent differences between them and the Ancient Egyptian writing system. Chapter 20: From Egypt to The Black Sea Basin [Georgia & Armenia] will cover affinities of languages from Central Asia To the Black Sea Basin; Ancient Egyptian settlements in the Black Sea Basin; Pre-existence of "Armenian/Georgian" alphabets in Ancient Egypt; and sameness of Ancient Egyptian alphabetical writing system in later "Georgian & Armenian Languages". Part VI. Out of Egypt—Diffusion Patterns To Europe has two chapters—Chapters 21 & 22: Chapter 21: Greek: A Shameless Linguistic Heist will cover role of Greeks in Ancient Egypt as hired security guards; pre-existence of the proclaimed "Greek" alphabetical letter-forms in the Ancient Egyptian system; robbing and postdating Egyptian scripts to rename them as "Greek"; and the absence of any linguistic distinction between Greek and the Ancient Egyptian language. Chapter 22: The European Languages will cover Etruscan, Latin and Hispanic languages; and the absence of any linguistic distinction between them and the Ancient Egyptian language. Part VII. The Ancient Future of The Universal Language has two chapters—Chapters 23 & 24: Chapter 23: Egyptian Alphabetical Vocalic Language [Past, Present & Future] will cover the state of the vocalic and written language in Egypt and the minor changes that occurred over thousands of years. Chapter 24: Renaissance & Seeking the Universal Language—The Ancient Future will cover an overview of the English language's inconsistent phonetic writing system; Renaissance search for a Universal Language; and how such a language, by all accounts is the [Ancient] Egyptian Language.

Title Language and Writing in Ancient Egypt
Author David P. Silverman
Publisher Carnegie Museum of Natural
Release 1990
Category Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Pages 48
ISBN
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Hieroglyphs by Norma Jean Katan

Title Hieroglyphs
Author Norma Jean Katan
Publisher Margaret K. McElderry Books
Release 2012-03-15
Category Juvenile Nonfiction
Total Pages 96
ISBN 9781442434080
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Hieroglyphs--the written language of Ancient Egypt--are fascinating to decipher and provide a unique view into Ancient Egyptian society. Learn about the origins of hieroglyphs and what they mean, as well as the story of how this ancient form of writing was decoded, and the training and importance of scribes in Ancient Egypt.

Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt by Ann Rosalie David

Title Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt
Author Ann Rosalie David
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release 1999
Category Literary Criticism
Total Pages 404
ISBN 9780195132151
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Chronicles Egyptian civilization from the Predynastic Period to the end of Roman rule, arranged thematically in chapters such as "Religion of the Living," "Architecture and Building," and "Everyday Life."

Middle Egyptian by James P. Allen

Title Middle Egyptian
Author James P. Allen
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release 2010-04-15
Category Foreign Language Study
Total Pages
ISBN 1139486357
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Middle Egyptian introduces the reader to the writing system of ancient Egypt and the language of hieroglyphic texts. It contains twenty-six lessons, exercises (with answers), a list of hieroglyphic signs, and a dictionary. It also includes a series of twenty-five essays on the most important aspects of ancient Egyptian history, society, religion and literature. The combination of grammar lessons and cultural essays allows users to not only read hieroglyphic texts but also to understand them, providing readers with the foundation to understand texts on monuments and to read great works of ancient Egyptian literature in the original text. This second edition contains revised exercises and essays, providing an up to date account of current research and discoveries. New illustrations enhance discussions and examples. These additions combine with the previous edition to create a complete grammatical description of the classical language of ancient Egypt for specialists in linguistics and other fields.

Title How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs
Author Mark Collier
Publisher Univ of California Press
Release 2003
Category Foreign Language Study
Total Pages 179
ISBN 9780520239494
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

With the help of Egyptologists Collier and Manley, museum-goers, tourists, and armchair travelers alike can gain a basic knowledge of the language and culture of ancient Egypt. Each chapter introduces a new aspect of hieroglyphic script and encourages acquisition of reading skills with practical exercises. 200 illustrations.

Learn Hieroglyphs Simply by Mohamed Tamer

Title Learn Hieroglyphs Simply
Author Mohamed Tamer
Publisher
Release 2020-02-19
Category
Total Pages 30
ISBN
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The ancient Egyptian language belongs to the family of the Afro-Asiatic languages, which is sometimes called the Semitic-Hamitic language group, which mostly left the Arabian Peninsula and settled in the regions of Southwest Asia and North Africa. It certainly has a close relationship with a specific group of them, which is the group of Semitic languages in their distinctive structures, such as nominal sentences and their ringed sounds, such as Arabic, Amharic, Aramaic, and Hebrew. Hieroglyphs began to appear more than 3400 B.C., as the first hieroglyphs appeared on memorial enclosures and ivory cards. During that long lifetime of the ancient Egyptian language, we find that it has undergone many changes, which led researchers to divide its history into five major stages: 1) Old Egyptian: the name given to the oldest stage in the history of the language. Although the ancient Egyptian language began to appear more than 3400 BC, the early writings were names and short writings, so we can say that the Egyptian language in the ancient era really began around 2600 BC with the beginning of the state era Ancient and lasted until the year 2100 BC. M. We will call this stage the ancient Egyptian language. The famous texts of the pyramids were recorded according to the rules and spelling of this stage. 2) Middle Egyptian language: Middle stage: This stage began to appear around the year 2100 BC. M, and it lasted about five hundred years as a language for speaking and writing, as it remained the main stage in the history of the ancient Egyptian language where it represents the classical or era of linguistic eloquence in the history of the Egyptian language and it is the stage in which it reached the peak of its development and maturity and brought us out the most wonderful pieces of literary knowledge in Egyptian literature. Whereas this stage, which was called the medieval Egyptian language, represents the most complete picture reached by the ancient Egyptian language, it became the best topic to start with when studying the ancient Egyptian language. And the beginner student of the Egyptian language nowadays usually starts his first steps by learning the Egyptian language during this stage. 3) The late Egyptian language: this stage began to replace the medieval language stage as a language for speaking and writing after 1600 BC. M. It was in use until the year 600 BC. This stage, which has been termed the Egyptian language in the late era, is known in trade documents and letters from the Ramesside era, during which it is clear that there are many foreign vocabulary words in the Egyptian language.It is noted here that the stages of the development of the Egyptian language in different eras have differed from the early stage of the history of Egyptian writing, at least in grammatical rules. The form of writing followed in the late stage of the ancient Egyptian language appeared in the texts before 1600 BC, but it did not appear in full form until after 1300 BC. M. 4) Demotic: It is an advanced stage of the language stage in the late era. The demotic period began to appear around the eighth century BC and its use continued until the fifth century AD. 5) Coptic writing: It is the last stage of the ancient Egyptian language, which came immediately after the demotic stage. Early evidence of this writing began to appear around the third century BC, and the language of communication among Egyptians remained for more than a thousand years.