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Title Converging Perspectives on Conceptual Change
Author Tamer G. Amin
Publisher Routledge
Release 2017-11-13
Category Education
Total Pages 374
ISBN 1315467127
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Conceptual change, how conceptual understanding is transformed, has been investigated extensively since the 1970s. The field has now grown into a multifaceted, interdisciplinary effort with strands of research in cognitive and developmental psychology, education, educational psychology, and the learning sciences. Converging Perspectives on Conceptual Change brings together an extensive team of expert contributors from around the world, and offers a unique examination of how distinct lines of inquiry can complement each other and have converged over time. Amin and Levrini adopt a new approach to assembling the diverse research on conceptual change: the combination of short position pieces with extended synthesis chapters within each section, as well as an overall synthesis chapter at the end of the volume, provide a coherent and comprehensive perspective on conceptual change research. Arranged over five parts, the book covers a number of topics including: the nature of concepts and conceptual change representation, language, and discourse in conceptual change modeling, explanation, and argumentation in conceptual change metacognition and epistemology in conceptual change identity and conceptual change. Throughout this wide-ranging volume, the editors present researchers and practitioners with a more internally consistent picture of conceptual change by exploring convergence and complementarity across perspectives. By mapping features of an emerging paradigm, they challenge newcomers and established scholars alike to embrace a more programmatic orientation towards conceptual change.

Title Engaging with Contemporary Challenges through Science Education Research
Author Olivia Levrini
Publisher Springer Nature
Release 2021-09-24
Category Science
Total Pages 329
ISBN 3030744906
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book starts with the premise that beauty can be an engine of transformation and authentic engagement in an increasingly complex world. It presents an organized picture of highlights from the 13th European Science Education Research Association Conference, ESERA 2019, held in Bologna, Italy. The collection includes contributions that discuss contemporary issues such as climate change, multiculturalism, and the flourishing of new interdisciplinary areas of investigation, including the application of cognitive neuroscience, artificial intelligence, and digital humanities to science education research. It also highlights learners’ difficulties engaging with socio-scientific issues in a digital and post-truth era. The volume demonstrates that deepening our understanding is the preferred way to address these challenges and that science education has a key role to play in this effort. In particular, the book advances the argument that the deep and novel character of these challenges requires a collective search for new narratives and languages, an expanding knowledge base and new theoretical perspectives and methods of research. The book provides a contemporary picture of science education research and looks to the theoretical and practical societal challenges of the future.

Title The Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences
Author R. Keith Sawyer
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release 2022-04-07
Category Psychology
Total Pages
ISBN 1108897614
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The interdisciplinary field of the learning sciences encompasses educational psychology, cognitive science, computer science, and anthropology, among other disciplines. The Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences, first published in 2006, is the definitive introduction to this innovative approach to teaching, learning, and educational technology. In this significantly revised third edition, leading scholars incorporate the latest research to provide seminal overviews of the field. This research is essential in developing effective innovations that enhance student learning - including how to write textbooks, design educational software, prepare effective teachers, and organize classrooms. The chapters illustrate the importance of creating productive learning environments both inside and outside school, including after school clubs, libraries, and museums. The Handbook has proven to be an essential resource for graduate students, researchers, consultants, software designers, and policy makers on a global scale.

Crossing the threshold by Andreas C. Göransson

Title Crossing the threshold
Author Andreas C. Göransson
Publisher Linköping University Electronic Press
Release 2021-02-18
Category
Total Pages 127
ISBN 9179297072
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The theory of evolution is considered the unifying theory of biology. An accurate understanding of evolution is vital both for the understanding of diverse topics in biology, but also for societal issues such as antibiotic resistance or biodiversity. In contrast, decades of research in science education have revealed that students have difficulties to accurately understand evolutionary processes such as mutation and natural selection. The majority of this research relies on a conceptual framework of so-called key concepts (variation, selection, inheritance), derived from scholarly descriptions of natural selection. Recent research suggests that non-domain specific concepts such as randomness, probability, spatial and temporal scales, so called threshold concepts, are important for evolution understanding in addition to the key concepts. Thus, many important elements of evolutionary theory are counter-intuitive or lie outside direct perception. Hence, representations such as visualizations, models and simulations are considered to be important for teaching and learning evolution. While the importance of visualizations is generally acknowledged for science education, less is known about how visual design can facilitate students understanding of threshold concepts, such as random mutations or spatial scales. This thesis uses the Model of Educational Reconstruction (MER) as the guiding framework for exploring the significance of threshold concepts by analysing the conceptual content of students’ explanations and extant visualizations of natural selection. MER combines scientific content with teaching and learning perspectives for the analysis and design of learning environments. Content analysis of visualizations available online showed that most fail to fully represent the basic principles of natural selection (variation, selection and inheritance). Moreover, the representational potential of visualizations was seldom used to represent threshold concepts such as randomness in origin of variation. Visualizations were also biased to animals as the context of evolution. Similarly, upper-secondary and tertiary students’ explanations of natural selection were seldom complete in terms of the basic principles and threshold concepts such as randomness were often lacking. Especially significant was the almost complete lack of randomness in upper-secondary students’ explanations. In addition, threshold concepts were context-sensitive across the items used (bacteria, cheetah and salamander), for example spatial scale and randomness was significantly more common in responses to the bacteria item compared to the cheetah and salamander items. Considering the results from these studies, three interactive visualizations were developed (evolution of antibiotic resistance and fur colouration in mice). The visualization design was conducted iteratively following a Design-Based Research approach and evaluated in classroom settings in secondary and upper-secondary Swedish schools. The results showed that visualizations targeting randomness and genetic level events such as mutations can guide students towards a more scientific conception of natural selection. However, there were differences across the visualizations and student samples. In addition, while students often inferred randomness from the visuals, the results showed that integration of randomness into explanations of natural selection may be challenging. Hence, future research should explore the role of guidance and reflection for students understanding of randomness. The thesis also discusses the role of students’ intuitive conceptions in relation to the use of interactive visualizations and how these preconceptions interact with the presented message. By using the theory of frame semantics, framing effects and conceptual integration, students’ issues of achieving an accurate understanding of evolution are discussed in relation to the theory of conceptual change. Implications for teaching and learning natural selection as well as visualization design for learning are also discussed. Evolutionsteorin förs ofta fram som biologins förenande teori. Vikten av en korrekt och användbar evolutionsförståelse har därför ofta betonats, inte minst för elevers förståelse inom biologins olika delområden men också för att fatta beslut i samhällsfrågor som exempelvis antibiotikaresistens. Många av de centrala delarna av evolutionsteorin är kontraintuitiva eller abstrakta och decennier av forskning har visat att elever har svårigheter att förstå evolutionära processer som mutation och naturligt urval. Representationer såsom visualiseringar, modeller och simuleringar är därför viktiga för att ge elever direkta erfarenheter av evolutionära processer. Även om vikten av visualiseringar är allmänt accepterad inom naturvetenskapsundervisning så är det mindre känt hur visualiseringars utformning specifikt bidrar till att utveckla elevers förståelse av vetenskapliga fenomen såsom evolution. Dessutom har forskningen på elevers evolutionsförståelse till stor del fokuserat på så kallade nyckelbegrepp (variation, selektion och arv) som härletts från vetenskapliga beskrivningar av evolutionsteorin. Dessa begrepp antas vara nödvändiga men också tillräckliga för elevers evolutionsförståelse. Dock har vikten av icke domänspecifika begrepp kopplade till evolutionsteorin, såsom slump, sannolikhet, spatial och temporala skalor (så kallade tröskelbegrepp), inte undersökts i någon högre grad. Den här avhandlingen använder Model of Educational Reconstruction för att utforska betydelsen av tröskelbegrepp för evolutionsförståelse. Med utgångspunkt i den vetenskapliga beskrivningen och historiken undersöks förekomsten av tröskelbegrepp i befintliga visualiseringar för lärande samt elevers förklaringar för att formulera designprinciper för interaktiva visualiseringar av evolution. Dessutom beskrivs utvecklingen av ett antal interaktiva visualiseringar samt undersökningar av deras potentiella användning i klassrumsmiljöer. Avhandlingen diskuterar även betydelsen av elevers intuitiva föreställningar i relation till användandet av interaktiva visualiseringar och hur dessa föreställningar interagerar med det presenterade budskapet. Genom användning av ramsemantisk teori inklusive ”framingeffekter” och ”blendteori” diskuteras elevers svårigheter och utveckling av en vetenskaplig evolutionsförståelse i relation till tidigare teorier om begreppsförändring. Konsekvenser av ”ramsemantisk teori” och ”framingeffekter” i visuella medier diskuteras även i relation till visuell design för lärande.

Title How Metaphors Guide Teach and Popularize Science
Author Anke Beger
Publisher John Benjamins Publishing Company
Release 2020-04-22
Category Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Pages 332
ISBN 902726144X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Metaphors are essential to scientists themselves and strongly influence science communication. Through careful analyses of metaphors actually used in science texts, recordings, and videos, this book explores the essential functions of conceptual metaphor in the conduct of science, teaching of science, and how scientific ideas are promoted and popularized. With an accessible introduction to theory and method this book prepares scientists, science teachers, and science writers to take advantage of recent shifts in metaphor theories and methods. Metaphor specialists will find theoretical issues explored in studies of bacteriology, cell reproduction, marine biology, physics, brain function and social psychology. We see the degree of conscious or intentional use of metaphor in shaping our conceptual systems and constraining inferences. Metaphor sources include social structure, embodied experience, abstract or mathematical formulations. The results are sometimes innovative hypotheses and robust conclusions; other times pedagogically useful, if inaccurate, stepping stones or, at worst, misleading fictions.

Title Invited Lectures from the 13th International Congress on Mathematical Education
Author Gabriele Kaiser
Publisher Springer
Release 2018-02-05
Category Education
Total Pages 786
ISBN 3319721704
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The book presents the Invited Lectures given at 13th International Congress on Mathematical Education (ICME-13). ICME-13 took place from 24th- 31st July 2016 at the University of Hamburg in Hamburg (Germany). The congress was hosted by the Society of Didactics of Mathematics (Gesellschaft für Didaktik der Mathematik - GDM) and took place under the auspices of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (ICMI). ICME-13 – the biggest ICME so far - brought together about 3500 mathematics educators from 105 countries, additionally 250 teachers from German speaking countries met for specific activities. The scholars came together to share their work on the improvement of mathematics education at all educational levels.. The papers present the work of prominent mathematics educators from all over the globe and give insight into the current discussion in mathematics education. The Invited Lectures cover a wide spectrum of topics, themes and issues and aim to give direction to future research towards educational improvement in the teaching and learning of mathematics education. This book is of particular interest to researchers, teachers and curriculum developers in mathematics education.

Title Compendium for Early Career Researchers in Mathematics Education
Author Gabriele Kaiser
Publisher Springer
Release 2019-04-26
Category Education
Total Pages 532
ISBN 3030156362
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The purpose of this Open Access compendium, written by experienced researchers in mathematics education, is to serve as a resource for early career researchers in furthering their knowledge of the state of the field and disseminating their research through publishing. To accomplish this, the book is split into four sections: Empirical Methods, Important Mathematics Education Themes, Academic Writing and Academic Publishing, and a section Looking Ahead. The chapters are based on workshops that were presented in the Early Career Researcher Day at the 13th International Congress on Mathematical Education (ICME-13). The combination of presentations on methodological approaches and theoretical perspectives shaping the field in mathematics education research, as well as the strong emphasis on academic writing and publishing, offered strong insight into the theoretical and empirical bases of research in mathematics education for early career researchers in this field. Based on these presentations, the book provides a state-of-the-art overview of important theories from mathematics education and the broad variety of empirical approaches currently widely used in mathematics education research. This compendium supports early career researchers in selecting adequate theoretical approaches and adopting the most appropriate methodological approaches for their own research. Furthermore, it helps early career researchers in mathematics education to avoid common pitfalls and problems while writing up their research and it provides them with an overview of the most important journals for research in mathematics education, helping them to select the right venue for publishing and disseminating their work.

Title International Handbook of Inquiry and Learning
Author Ravit Golan Duncan
Publisher Routledge
Release 2021-06-30
Category Education
Total Pages 398
ISBN 1317413164
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

International Handbook of Inquiry and Learning is an overview of scholarship related to learning through and engagement in inquiry. Education takes on complex dimensions when learners solve problems, draw conclusions, and create meaning not through memorization or recall but instead through active cognitive, affective, and experiential processes. Drawing from educational psychology and the learning sciences while encompassing key subdisciplines, this rigorous, globally attentive collection offers new insights into what makes learning through inquiry both possible in context and beneficial to outcomes. Supported by foundational theories, key definitions, and empirical evidence, the book’s special focus on effective environments and motivational goals, equity and epistemic agency among learners, and support of teachers sets powerful, multifaceted new research directions in this rich area of study.

Title Critical Thinking in Biology and Environmental Education
Author Blanca Puig
Publisher Springer Nature
Release 2022
Category Biology
Total Pages
ISBN 3030920062
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"This volume seeks to broaden current ideas about the role of critical thinking (CT) in biology and environmental education considering educational challenges in the post-truth era. The chapters are distributed into three sections, perspectives of a theoretical character (part I), empirical research about CT in the context of biology and health education (part II), and empirical research on CT in the context of environmental and sustainability education (part III). The volume includes studies reporting students' engagement in the practice of critical thinking, and displays how CT can be integrated in biology and environmental education and why biology and environmental issues are privileged contexts for the development of CT. The chapters examine a range of dimensions of CT, such as skills, dispositions, emotions, agency, open-mindedness, or personal epistemologies. In addition, they explore topics such as climate change, sustainable diets, genetically modified food, vaccination, acceptance of evolution, homeopathy, and gene cloning. Concluding remarks regarding the connections between the chapters and future directions for the integration of critical thinking in biology and environmental education are presented in a final chapter."--