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Dependent Rational Animals by Alasdair C. MacIntyre

Title Dependent Rational Animals
Author Alasdair C. MacIntyre
Publisher Open Court Publishing
Release 1999
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 172
ISBN 081269452X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

According to the author of "After Virtue, " to flourish, humans need to develop virtues of independent thought and acknowledged social dependence. This book presents the moral philosopher's comparison of humans to other animals and his exploration of the impact of these virtues.

Rational Animals by Mark Okrent

Title Rational Animals
Author Mark Okrent
Publisher Ohio University Press
Release 2007
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 222
ISBN 0821417436
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Rational Animals: The Teleological Roots of Intentionality offers an original account of the intentionality of human mental states, such as beliefs and desires. The account of intentionality in Rational Animals is broadly biological in its basis, emphasizing the continuity between human intentionality and the levels of intentionality that should be attributed to animal actions and states. Rational Animals will be of interest to cognitive scientists, philosophers of mind, philosophers of biology, philosophers of action, ethologists, and those interested in the debates concerning animal intelligence.

To See History Doxologically by J. Alexander Sider

Title To See History Doxologically
Author J. Alexander Sider
Publisher Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Release 2011-04-12
Category Religion
Total Pages 223
ISBN 0802865739
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In the minds of many Christians today, the church is not holy; it is difficult. Yet J. Alexander Sider argues that it is precisely when the church acknowledges its many faults and frailties when it patiently confronts its own capacity to betray the gospel that its true holiness is made manifest. In To See History Doxologically Sider probingly examines John Howard Yoder s eschatology and ecclesiology in conversation with Oliver O Donovan, Ernst Troeltsch, Miroslav Volf, and others. Sider shows how Yoder s thought redefines the church s holiness not as something earned or possessed by its own virtue but as the ceaseless and ever-new gift of God throughout all time.

Learning from MacIntyre by Ron Beadle

Title Learning from MacIntyre
Author Ron Beadle
Publisher ISD LLC
Release 2022-06-30
Category Philosophy
Total Pages
ISBN 0227178041
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Alasdair MacIntyre is one of the major philosophers of the late twentieth and early twenty-first century. Best known for After Virtue, first published in 1981, his output spans seven decades and has been unusually wide-ranging in its impact. As MacIntyre enters his tenth decade, this book pays tribute not just to his work, but to its influence across disciplines outside philosophy. Beginning with an intellectual biography, the chapters that follow, written by leading scholars in their fields, explore MacIntyre's contributions to theology, Thomism, moral philosophy, classical philosophy, political philosophy, Marxism, the Frankfurt School, communication, business ethics, sociology, education, law, and therapeutic method. Essential reading for scholars from across these disciplines, and for anyone who wishes to understand MacIntyre's contributions, Learning from MacIntyre not only helps readers to appreciate what we may learn from this influential thinker, but also illustrates his work's continuing significance going forward.

Aristotelian Philosophy by Kelvin Knight

Title Aristotelian Philosophy
Author Kelvin Knight
Publisher Polity
Release 2007-03-19
Category Political Science
Total Pages 247
ISBN 0745619762
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Aristotle is the most influential philosopher of practice, and Knight's new book explores the continuing importance of Aristotelian philosophy. First, it examines the theoretical bases of what Aristotle said about ethical, political and productive activity. It then traces ideas of practice through such figures as St Paul, Luther, Hegel, Heidegger and recent Aristotelian philosophers, and evaluates Alasdair MacIntyre's contribution. Knight argues that, whereas Aristotle's own thought legitimated oppression, MacIntyre's revision of Aristotelianism separates ethical excellence from social elitism and justifies resistance. With MacIntyre, Aristotelianism becomes revolutionary. MacIntyre's case for the Thomistic Aristotelian tradition originates in his attempt to elaborate a Marxist ethics informed by analytic philosophy. He analyses social practices in teleological terms, opposing them to capitalist institutions and arguing for the cooperative defence of our moral agency. In condensing these ideas, Knight advances a theoretical argument for the reformation of Aristotelianism and an ethical argument for social change.

Title Theological Ethics Through a Multispecies Lens
Author Celia E. Deane-Drummond
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release 2019-10-17
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 304
ISBN 0198843348
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

There are two driving questions informing this book. The first is where does our moral life come from? It presupposes that considering morality broadly is inadequate. Instead, different aspects need to be teased apart. It is not sufficient to assume that different virtues are bolted onto a vicious animality, red in tooth and claw. Nature and culture have interlaced histories. By weaving in evolutionary theories and debates on the evolution of compassion, justice and wisdom, it showa a richer account of who we are as moral agents. The second driving question concerns our relationships with animals. Deane-Drummond argues for a complex community-based multispecies approach. Hence, rather than extending rights, a more radical approach is a holistic multispecies framework for moral action. This need not weaken individual responsibility. She intends not to develop a manual of practice, but rather to build towards an alternative philosophically informed approach to theological ethics, including animal ethics. The theological thread weaving through this account is wisdom. Wisdom has many different levels, and in the broadest sense is connected with the flow of life understood in its interconnectedness and sociality. It is profoundly theological and practical. In naming the project the evolution of wisdom Deane-Drummond makes a statement about where wisdom may have come from and its future orientation. But justice, compassion and conscience are not far behind, especially in so far as they are relevant to both individual decision-making and institutions.

Title Journal of Moral Theology Volume 6 Special Issue 2
Author Miguel J. Romero
Publisher Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release 2017-09-22
Category Religion
Total Pages 262
ISBN 1532640315
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Engaging Disability Edited by Miguel J. Romero and Mary Jo Iozzio Preface: Engaging Disability Mary Jo Iozzio and Miguel J. Romero God Bends Over Backwards to Accommodate Humankind …While the Civil Rights Acts and the Americans with Disabilities Act Require [Only] the Minimum Mary Jo Iozzio On “And Vulnerable”: Catholic Social Thought and the Social Challenges of Cognitive Disability Matthew Gaudet From Universal Precautions to Universal Design: Disclosure of Concealable Disability in the Case of HIV Mary M. Doyle Roche Disability, the Healing of Infirmity, and the Theological Virtue of Hope: A Thomistic Approach Paul Gondreau Seventeenth-Century Casuistry Regarding Persons with Disabilities: Antonino Diana’s Tract “On the Mute, Deaf, and Blind” Julia A. Fleming Blessed Silence: Explorations in Christian Contemplation and Hearing Loss Jana Bennett Becoming Friends: Ethics in Friendship and in Doing Theology Lorraine Cuddeback The Slow Journey Towards Beatitude: Disability in L’Arche, and Staying Human in High-Speed Society Jason Reimer Greig The Goodness and Beauty of Our Fragile Flesh: Moral Theologians and Our Engagement With ‘Disability’ Miguel J. Romero

Title Did My Neurons Make Me Do It
Author Nancey Murphy
Publisher OUP Oxford
Release 2007-06-14
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 352
ISBN 0191526916
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

If humans are purely physical, and if it is the brain that does the work formerly assigned to the mind or soul, then how can it fail to be the case that all of our thoughts and actions are determined by the laws of neurobiology? If this is the case, then free will, moral responsibility, and, indeed, reason itself would appear to be in jeopardy. Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown here defend a non-reductive version of physicalism whereby humans are (sometimes) the authors of their own thoughts and actions. Did My Neurons Make Me Do It? brings together insights from both philosophy and the cognitive neurosciences to defeat neurobiological reductionism. One resource is a 'post-Cartesian' account of mind as essentially embodied and constituted by action-feedback-evaluation-action loops in the environment, and 'scaffolded' by cultural resources. Another is a non-mysterious account of downward (mental) causation explained in terms of a complex, higher-order system exercising constraints on lower-level causal processes. These resources are intrinsically related: the embeddedness of brain events in action-feedback loops is the key to their mentality, and those broader systems have causal effects on the brain itself. With these resources Murphy and Brown take on two problems in philosophy of mind: a response to the charges that physicalists cannot account for the meaningfulness of language nor the causal efficacy of the mental qua mental. Solutions to these problems are a prerequisite to addressing the central problem of the book: how can biological organisms be free and morally responsible? The authors argue that the free-will problem is badly framed if it is put in terms of neurobiological determinism; the real issue is neurobiological reductionism. If it is indeed possible to make sense of the notion of downward causation, then the relevant question is whether humans exert downward causation over some of their own parts and processes. If all organisms do this to some extent, what needs to be added to this animalian flexibility to constitute free and responsible action? The keys are sophisticated language and hierarchically ordered cognitive processes allowing (mature) humans to evaluate their own actions, motives, goals, and rational and moral principles.

Title Divine Grace and Emerging Creation
Author Thomas Jay Oord
Publisher Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release 2009-05-01
Category Religion
Total Pages 244
ISBN 1606082876
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Wesleyans and Wesleyan theology have long been interested in the sciences. John Wesley kept abreast of scientific developments in his own day, and he engaged science in his theological construction. Divine Grace and Emerging Creation offers explorations by contemporary scholars into the themes and issues pertinent to contemporary science and Wesleyan Theology. In addition to groundbreaking research by leading Wesleyan theologians, Jÿrgen Moltmann contributes an essay. Moltmann's work derives from his keynote address at the joint Wesleyan Theological Society and Society for Pentecostal Studies meeting on science and theology at Duke University. Other contributions address key contemporary themes in theology and science, including evolution, ecology, neurology, emergence theory, intelligent design, scientific and theological method, and biblical cosmology. John Wesley's own approach to science, explored by many contributors, offers insights for how two of humanity's central concerns--science and theology--can now be understood in fruitful and complementary ways.