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Despite the Best Intentions by Amanda E. Lewis

Title Despite the Best Intentions
Author Amanda E. Lewis
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release 2015
Category Education
Total Pages 249
ISBN 0195342720
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

On the surface, Riverview High School looks like the post-racial ideal. Serving an enviably affluent and diverse district, the school is well-funded, its teachers are well-trained, and many of its students are high-achieving. Yet Riverview has not escaped the same question that plagues schools throughout America: why is it that even when all of the circumstances seem right, black and Latina/o students continue to lag behind their peers? The authors present their study of how the racial achievement gap continues to afflict American schools more than fifty years after the formal dismantling of segregation. Their book addresses both the knotty problem of academic disparities and the larger question of the color line in American society.

Green and Sustainable Finance by Simon Thompson

Title Green and Sustainable Finance
Author Simon Thompson
Publisher Kogan Page Publishers
Release 2021-03-03
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages
ISBN 1789664551
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

More than 120 countries have committed to net zero targets by 2050, requiring systemic economic transitions on an unprecedented scale and with the finance sector playing a leading role. Green finance will power the transition, ensuring capital flows to the firms, investments, projects and technologies looking to create a sustainable, low-carbon world. To achieve net zero, every professional financial decision must take climate change and broader sustainability factors into account. Green and Sustainable Finance provides a comprehensive guide to the application of common green and sustainable principles and practices in banking, investment and insurance to help finance professionals embed these in their daily activities and decision-making. Focusing on the necessity of mainstreaming green and sustainable finance globally, this book includes a clear explanation of the science underpinning climate change. Green and Sustainable Finance covers a wide range of green finance products and services in retail, commercial and corporate banking, insurance, investment and fintech. It provides an overview of emerging regulation and international market frameworks and standards, particularly in relation to climate and environmental risk. Consideration is also given to the ethical dimensions of green and sustainable finance, including how professionals can promote market integrity and take active steps to avoid greenwashing. Endorsed by the Chartered Banker Institute as the core text for the benchmark Certificate in Green and Sustainable Finance, this book is essential reading for finance professionals and students, and individuals working to embed sustainability in business, policy and regulation.

Behind Human Error by David D. Woods

Title Behind Human Error
Author David D. Woods
Publisher CRC Press
Release 2017-09-18
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 292
ISBN 1317175530
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

Human error is cited over and over as a cause of incidents and accidents. The result is a widespread perception of a 'human error problem', and solutions are thought to lie in changing the people or their role in the system. For example, we should reduce the human role with more automation, or regiment human behavior by stricter monitoring, rules or procedures. But in practice, things have proved not to be this simple. The label 'human error' is prejudicial and hides much more than it reveals about how a system functions or malfunctions. This book takes you behind the human error label. Divided into five parts, it begins by summarising the most significant research results. Part 2 explores how systems thinking has radically changed our understanding of how accidents occur. Part 3 explains the role of cognitive system factors - bringing knowledge to bear, changing mindset as situations and priorities change, and managing goal conflicts - in operating safely at the sharp end of systems. Part 4 studies how the clumsy use of computer technology can increase the potential for erroneous actions and assessments in many different fields of practice. And Part 5 tells how the hindsight bias always enters into attributions of error, so that what we label human error actually is the result of a social and psychological judgment process by stakeholders in the system in question to focus on only a facet of a set of interacting contributors. If you think you have a human error problem, recognize that the label itself is no explanation and no guide to countermeasures. The potential for constructive change, for progress on safety, lies behind the human error label.

Title Obstacles to Environmental Progress
Author Peter C. Schulze
Publisher UCL Press
Release 2022-08-22
Category Political Science
Total Pages 378
ISBN 180008207X
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

Why, when so many people understand the severity of environmental problems, is progress so slow and sustainability such a distant goal? What gets in the way? Perhaps you have immediately thought of several barriers. In Obstacles to Environmental Progress, Peter Schulze identifies 18 practical obstacles that routinely and predictably hinder U.S. progress on existing environmental problems. The obstacles apply to problems small and large and, in most cases, regardless of whether an issue is controversial. Though the book focuses on the U.S., most of the obstacles pertain elsewhere as well. The obstacles fall into three categories: scientific challenges to anticipating and detecting problems; political and economic factors that interfere with responding; and obstacles to effective responses. While all the obstacles are predictable and common, they have not been systematically studied as related phenomena, perhaps because they span a wide range of academic disciplines. In practice, they often arise as surprises that are then addressed in an ad hoc manner. Might they be better understood and thus more readily anticipated and overcome or avoided? The book seeks to hasten environmental progress by forewarning and thus forearming those who are striving or will soon be striving for environmental progress, and by drawing scholarly attention to the obstacles as a set of related phenomena to systematically understand and more quickly overcome. Praise for Obstacles to Environmental Projects ‘I have never come across another book that gives students such an accessible and helpful guide to the broad scope of the challenges facing an environmentally sound and sustainable future.’ – Al Wurth, Lehigh University

Title Handbook of Cross Cultural Marketing
Author Erdener Kaynak
Publisher Routledge
Release 2014-04-08
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 356
ISBN 1317957865
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

Going global can be risky business if you don't divest yourself of your ethnocentric thinking. You have to take into consideration your new market's language, work schedules, tastes, lifestyle choices, and cultural associations, and this is the book to help you do that! Handbook of Cross-Cultural Marketing shows you how to sensitize your marketing approaches to the cultural norms and taboos of other societies, as well as the importance of demonstrating an interest in and appreciation of different cultures. Designed to assist both American and foreign companies, Handbook of Cross-Cultural Marketing shows you how to increase your chance at success in international markets. It identifies and explains ten important aspects of culture that are essential to cross-cultural marketing to help you understand how underlying cultural beliefs govern the way marketing functions in different societies. It also gives you specific steps for developing cultural adaptation strategies in international marketing. To further your understanding of global marketing and fundamental marketing concepts, this comprehensive book discusses: real life examples of company successes and failures abroad attitudes toward middlemen in underdeveloped countries the advantages of foreign trade shows locating and using representatives, agents, and/or distributors in foreign countries the reception of different American products in different countries potential cultural pitfalls of primary data collecting techniques the role of time in various cultures setting standards for product performance A useful text for students and practitioners alike, Handbook of Cross-Cultural Marketing gives you hands-on strategies and advice for delving into different markets, using techniques that are respectful of individual cultures, and avoiding unnecessary mistakes that can occur if you don't take the initiative to get to know the culture of your new marketplace. Your outlook and beliefs are not the global norm, so read this book to find out how you can be successful with customers who are different from you in terms of motivation, values, beliefs, and outlook.

Despite Good Intentions by Thomas W. Dichter

Title Despite Good Intentions
Author Thomas W. Dichter
Release 2003
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 328
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

For more than thirty-five years, Thomas W. Dichter has worked in the field of international development, managing and evaluating projects for nongovernmental organizations, directing a Peace Corps country program, and serving as a consultant for such agencies as USAID, UNDP, and the World Bank. On the basis of this extensive and varied experience, he has become an outspoken critic of what he terms the "international poverty alleviation industry." He believes that efforts to reduce world poverty have been well-intentioned but largely ineffective. On the whole, the development industry has failed to serve the needs of the people it has sought to help. To make his case, Dichter reviews the major trends in development assistance from the 1960s through the 1990s, illustrating his analysis with eighteen short stories based on his own experiences in the field. The analytic chapters are thus grounded in the daily life of development workers as described in the stories. Dichter shows how development organizations have often become caught up in their own self-perpetuation and in public relations efforts designed to create an illusion of effectiveness. Tracing the evolution of the role of money (as opposed to ideas) in development assistance, he suggests how financial imperatives have reinforced the tendency to sponsor time-bound projects, creating a dependency among aid recipients. He also examines the rise of careerism and increased bureaucratization in the industry, arguing that assistance efforts have become disconnected from important lessons learned on the ground. In the end, Dichter calls for a more light-handed and artful approach to development assistance, with fewer agencies andexperts involved. His stance is pragmatic, rather than ideological or political. What matters, he says, is what works, and the current practices of the development industry are simply not effective.

Title Achievement Matters Getting Your Child The Best Education Possible
Author Hugh B. Price
Publisher Kensington Books
Release 2014-06-01
Category Family & Relationships
Total Pages 272
ISBN 1617734578
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

"Inspiring stories, practical tips and expert advice." —Ebony "Inspiring stories and practical tips urge parents and caregivers to unlock their children's potential." —Library Journal "A much-needed resource that will enable parents to become partners in their children's academic success. Read it and tell others to read it." —Marian Wright Edelman, Founder, Children's Defense Fund There's a crisis in our classrooms. In school districts across the country, children of color earn sub-par test scores, and are frequently relegated to less challenging classes. Low achievement will doom our children to a future far beneath their capabilities—unless we do something about it. In this updated edition of Achievement Matters, Hugh B. Price, the former President of the National Urban League, shows you how to help your child succeed, and make America's public schools accountable. A vital resource for parents and caregivers, here are practical tips for improving children's literacy and achievement levels while instilling a lifelong enthusiasm for education. Price explains how to make sure your child isn't missing out on essential courses, recommends proven techniques for cutting through bureaucracy to create an environment conducive to learning, and shares insightful personal stories. From using the latest technology to providing after-school and summer programs to give our youth direction and keep them away from drugs and violence, this book offers real tools for making a powerful, positive impact and guiding your child to the brightest possible future. "A noteworthy effort to improve parental involvement, student motivation, and institutional accountability." —Kweisi Mfume, former President and CEO, NAACP 66,870 Words

Title The Oxford Handbook of Prosecutors and Prosecution
Author Ronald F. Wright
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release 2021-04-30
Category Law
Total Pages 696
ISBN 0190905441
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

The power of the modern prosecutor arises from several features of the criminal justice landscape: widespread use of law and order political rhetoric and heightened fear of crime among voters; legislatures' embrace of extreme sentencing ranges to respond to such concerns; and the uncertain or limited accountability of prosecutors to the electorate, the bar, or other political and professional constituencies. The convergence of these trends has transformed prosecution into an indispensable field of study. This volume brings together the work of leading international scholars across criminology, sociology, political science, and law - along with contributions from reform-minded practitioners - to examine a variety of issues in prosecutorial behaviour and the institutional structures that frame their behavior. The Handbook connects the dots among existing theoretical and empirical research related to prosecutors. Major sections of the volume cover (1) prosecutor performance during distinct phases of a criminal case, (2) the features of the prosecutor's environment, both inside the office and external to the office, that influence the choices of individual prosecutors and office leaders, and (3) prosecutorial strategies and priorities when dealing with specialized types of crimes, victims, and defendants. Taken together, the chapters in this volume identify the founding texts, discuss leading theoretical and methodological approaches, explain the scope of unresolved issues, and preview where this field is headed. The volume provides a bottom-up view of an important new scholarly field.

Peace Psychology in Australia by Diane Bretherton

Title Peace Psychology in Australia
Author Diane Bretherton
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release 2012-01-13
Category Psychology
Total Pages 358
ISBN 1461414032
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

This book is a case study of the development of peace psychology in Australia. While there is, in comparison to other countries, relatively little overt violence, Australia the nation was founded on the dispossession of Indigenous people, and their oppression continues today. Peace Psychology in Australia covers the most significant issues of peace and conflict in the country. It begins with a review of conflict resolution practices among Australia’s ancient Indigenous cultures and succinctly captures topics of peace and conflict which the country has faced in the past 222 years since British settlement. The fast population growth, thriving multiculturalism, leadership in international affairs and environmental isolation make Australia a microcosm for the study of human conflicts and peace movements.

Title Neuroscience of Preference and Choice
Author Raymond Dolan
Publisher Academic Press
Release 2012
Category Medical
Total Pages 342
ISBN 0123814316
Language English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

One of the most pressing questions in neuroscience, psychology and economics today is how does the brain generate preferences and make choices? With a unique interdisciplinary approach, this volume is among the first to explore the cognitive and neural mechanisms mediating the generation of the preferences that guide choice. From preferences determining mundane purchases, to social preferences influencing mating choice, through to moral decisions, the authors adopt diverse approaches to answer the question. Chapters explore the instability of preferences and the common neural processes that occur across preferences. Edited by one of the world's most renowned cognitive neuroscientists, each chapter is authored by an expert in the field, with a host of international contributors. Emphasis on common process underlying preference generation makes material applicable to a variety of disciplines - neuroscience, psychology, economics, law, philosophy, etc. Offers specific focus on how preferences are generated to guide decision making, carefully examining one aspect of the broad field of neuroeconomics and complementing existing volumes Features outstanding, international scholarship, with chapters written by an expert in the topic area