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Non Neutral Evolution by Brian Golding

Title Non Neutral Evolution
Author Brian Golding
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release 2012-12-06
Category Science
Total Pages 249
ISBN 1461523834
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

All organisms--from the AIDS virus, to bacteria, to fish, to humans--must evolve to survive. Despite the central place of evolution within biology, there are many things that are still poorly understood. For Charles Darwin, the driving force behind all evolution was natural selection. More recently, evolutionary biologists have considered that many mutations are essentially neutral with respect to natural selection. Many questions remain. Are molecular differences between species adaptive? Are differences within species adaptive? Modern biotechnology has enabled us to identify precisely the actual DNA structure from many individuals within a population, and thus to see how these DNA sequences have changed over time and to answer some of these questions. At the same time, this knowledge poses new challenges to our ability to understand the observed patterns. This exciting volume outlines the biological problems, provides new perspectives on theoretical treatments of the consequences of natural selection, examines the consequences of molecular data, and relates molecular events to speciation. Every evolutionary biologist will find it of interest.

Title Evolution of the Human Genome II
Author Naruya Saitou
Publisher Springer Nature
Release 2021-05-27
Category Science
Total Pages 260
ISBN 4431569049
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This two-volume set provides a general overview of the evolution of the human genome; The first volume overviews the human genome with descriptions of important gene groups. This second volume provides up-to-date, concise yet ample knowledge on the genome evolution of modern humans. It comprises twelve chapters divided into two parts discussing “Non-neutral Evolution on Human Genes” (Part I) and “Evolution of Modern Human Populations” (Part II.) The most significant feature of this book is the continent-wise discussion of modern human dispersal using human genomic data in Part II. Recent results such as introgression of paleogenomes to modern humans, new methods such as computer simulation of global human dispersals, and new information on genes for humanness will be of particular interest to the readers. Since the euchromatin regions of the human genome was sequenced in 2003, a huge number of research papers were published on modern human evolution for a variety of populations. It is now time to summarize these achievements. This book stands out as the most comprehensive book on the modern human evolution, focusing on genomic points of view with a broad scope. Primary target audiences are researchers and graduate students in evolutionary biology.

Title Branching Processes and Neutral Evolution
Author Ziad Taib
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release 2013-03-09
Category Mathematics
Total Pages 112
ISBN 3642515363
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Galton-Watson branching process has its roots in the problem of extinction of family names which was given a precise formulation by F. Galton as problem 4001 in the Educational Times (17, 1873). In 1875, an attempt to solve this problem was made by H. W. Watson but as it turned out, his conclusion was incorrect. Half a century later, R. A. Fisher made use of the Galton-Watson process to determine the extinction probability of the progeny of a mutant gene. However, it was J. B. S. Haldane who finally gave the first sketch of the correct conclusion. J. B. S. Haldane also predicted that mathematical genetics might some day develop into a "respectable branch of applied mathematics" (quoted in M. Kimura & T. Ohta, Theoretical Aspects of Population Genetics. Princeton, 1971). Since the time of Fisher and Haldane, the two fields of branching processes and mathematical genetics have attained a high degree of sophistication but in different directions. This monograph is a first attempt to apply the current state of knowledge concerning single-type branching processes to a particular area of mathematical genetics: neutral evolution. The reader is assumed to be familiar with some of the concepts of probability theory, but no particular knowledge of branching processes is required. Following the advice of an anonymous referee, I have enlarged my original version of the introduction (Chapter Zero) in order to make it accessible to a larger audience. G6teborg, Sweden, November 1991.

Non random Neutral Evolution by Gregory A. Singer

Title Non random Neutral Evolution
Author Gregory A. Singer
Publisher
Release 2002
Category Molecular evolution
Total Pages 258
ISBN
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Molecular Evolution by Roderick D.M. Page

Title Molecular Evolution
Author Roderick D.M. Page
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release 2009-07-14
Category Science
Total Pages 352
ISBN 1444313363
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The study of evolution at the molecular level has given the subject of evolutionary biology a new significance. Phylogenetic 'trees' of gene sequences are a powerful tool for recovering evolutionary relationships among species, and can be used to answer a broad range of evolutionary and ecological questions. They are also beginning to permeate the medical sciences. In this book, the authors approach the study of molecular evolution with the phylogenetic tree as a central metaphor. This will equip students and professionals with the ability to see both the evolutionary relevance of molecular data, and the significance evolutionary theory has for molecular studies. The book is accessible yet sufficiently detailed and explicit so that the student can learn the mechanics of the procedures discussed. The book is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in molecular evolution/phylogenetic reconstruction. It will also be a useful supplement for students taking wider courses in evolution, as well as a valuable resource for professionals. First student textbook of phylogenetic reconstruction which uses the tree as a central metaphor of evolution. Chapter summaries and annotated suggestions for further reading. Worked examples facilitate understanding of some of the more complex issues. Emphasis on clarity and accessibility.

Codon Evolution by Gina M. Cannarozzi

Title Codon Evolution
Author Gina M. Cannarozzi
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release 2012-02-23
Category Mathematics
Total Pages 280
ISBN 019960116X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The second part of the book focuses on codon usage bias.

Title Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology
Author
Publisher Academic Press
Release 2016-04-14
Category Science
Total Pages 2132
ISBN 0128004266
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology is the definitive go-to reference in the field of evolutionary biology. It provides a fully comprehensive review of the field in an easy to search structure. Under the collective leadership of fifteen distinguished section editors, it is comprised of articles written by leading experts in the field, providing a full review of the current status of each topic. The articles are up-to-date and fully illustrated with in-text references that allow readers to easily access primary literature. While all entries are authoritative and valuable to those with advanced understanding of evolutionary biology, they are also intended to be accessible to both advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Broad topics include the history of evolutionary biology, population genetics, quantitative genetics; speciation, life history evolution, evolution of sex and mating systems, evolutionary biogeography, evolutionary developmental biology, molecular and genome evolution, coevolution, phylogenetic methods, microbial evolution, diversification of plants and fungi, diversification of animals, and applied evolution. Presents fully comprehensive content, allowing easy access to fundamental information and links to primary research Contains concise articles by leading experts in the field that ensures current coverage of each topic Provides ancillary learning tools like tables, illustrations, and multimedia features to assist with the comprehension process

Title Evolution
Author
Publisher PediaPress
Release
Category
Total Pages
ISBN
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Non neutral Plasma Physics II
Author Joel Fajans
Publisher American Institute of Physics
Release 1995
Category Electronic books
Total Pages 328
ISBN
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Annotation The study of non-neutral plasmas in traps is the keystone that connects parts of atomic and molecular physics, fluid dynamics, condensed matter physics, astrophysics, and antimatter physics with a variety of technologies such as atomic clocks, cyclotron mass spectrometers and a new standard for a pressure gauge, coherent radiation sources, accelerators, and fusion. Among the topics in 32 papers: long ion plasma confinement times with a "rotating wall"; pressure measurement using a pure electron plasma; and laser-cooled trapped-ion experiments at NIST. Includes an introduction by C.W. Roberson. No subject index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Title Unifying Concepts in Granular Media and Glasses
Author Antonio Coniglio
Publisher Elsevier
Release 2004-06-30
Category Science
Total Pages 232
ISBN 9780080474687
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Deep connections are emerging in the physics of non-thermal systems,such as granular media, and other "complex systems" such as glass formers, spin glasses, colloids or gels. This book discusses the unifying physical theories, developed in recent years, for the description of these systems. The special focus of the book is on recent important developments in the formulation of a Statistical Mechanics approach to granular media and the description of out-of-equilibrium dynamics, such as "jamming" phenomena, ubiquitous in these "complex systems". The book collects contributions from leading researchers in these fields, providing both an introduction, at a graduate level, to these rapidly developing subjects and featuring an up to date, self contained, presentation of theoretical and experimental developments for researchers in areas ranging from Chemistry, to Engineering and Physical Sciences. · the book discusses very hot topics in physical sciences · it includes contributions from the most prominent researchers in the area · it is clearly written and self contained