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Title Building a Culture of Lawfulness
Author Heath B. Grant
Publisher Lfb Scholarly Pub Llc
Release 2006
Category Social Science
Total Pages 199
ISBN
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Grant examines the legal socialization of youths by conceptualizing legal reasoning (how youths reason about the importance of rules and laws) as a resiliency variable that can mediate the negative influences of risk factors drawn from the criminological literature on self-reported delinquency. Grants study also examines the effects of legal culture on socialization through youth perceptions of the legitimacy of law enforcement. The sample of over 10,000 Mexican youths participating in a state-wide program designed to positively influence perceptions related to rules and laws is unprecedented in the legal socialization literature.

Title Police Integrity in the Developing World
Author Heath B. Grant
Publisher Springer
Release 2018-10-11
Category Social Science
Total Pages 45
ISBN 3030004139
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This Brief explores the problem of creating organizational change and a culture of lawfulness within police organizations in the developing world. In many countries where police are charged with responding to crime, they are themselves entrenched in histories of corruption, human rights abuses, inefficiency as well as a lack of public trust. While police corruption can happen anywhere, areas of political transition tend to have a more entrenched cultural history of corruption. However, the author argues that even in the most challenged forces, there remains hope for organizational change. This brief demonstrates how understanding the local socio-political context, and applying evidence-based best practices for police integrity training can bring about change. The brief summarizes the current state of knowledge on police integrity training, strategies for rethinking corruption and community policing, as well as two case studies in Bangladesh and Mexico with applications for other regions. This work will be of interest to students and researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly with an interest in police studies and corruption, as well as related fields such as political science, international studies and human rights.

Title Building a Culture of Lawfulness
Author Heath B. Grant
Publisher Springer
Release 2022-02-11
Category Social Science
Total Pages 145
ISBN 9783030879693
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book is the first interdisciplinary study of the rule of law in an environment of complementary culture. It argues that the rule of law should not be defined solely through the development of institutions, but also through the mobilization of existing culture towards support for law and its enforcement. Recognizing that the rule of law is most often misunderstood by many, the book describes the benefits of the rule of law and exposes its weaknesses and limitations. It summarizes the history and practice through case studies where culture has played an essential role in achieving a sustainable rule of law in practice. It incorporates the unique challenges to rule of law in regions like the Middle East, and addresses the nexus of law culture and institutions in the context of policing in the United States. Appropriate for researchers, professionals, and practitioners of law, policing, cultural criminology, and sociology, this book identifies practical and actionable elements of culture that can be mobilized, even in states that are only in the initial stages of developing the rule of law.

Title Social Crime Prevention in the Developing World
Author Heath Grant
Publisher Springer
Release 2014-12-03
Category Social Science
Total Pages 51
ISBN 3319130277
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This Brief explores the role of social crime prevention as a crime reduction strategy in the developing world. "Social crime prevention" focuses on the social and economic factors that may contribute to violence and criminal behavior in a community. Particularly in the developing world, an understanding of the socioeconomic and political context holds long-term potential for crime reduction (rather than crime displacement); however, the strategies are complex and the results may be slow. Generally, police and law enforcement are relied upon to present quick results, where social crime prevention strategies can be viewed as being "soft on crime" or too slow. This Brief discusses the tension between the traditional role of police and proactive social crime prevention strategies in an international context, through a variety of case studies. It also provides recommendations for balancing or reshaping this role. This work will be of interest to researchers and policy makers interested in crime prevention, particularly in the developing world, criminal theory, police studies and related disciplines such as demography, sociology and political science.

Title Democratic Policing in Transitional and Developing Countries
Author Michael D. Wiatrowski
Publisher Routledge
Release 2016-05-13
Category Social Science
Total Pages 264
ISBN 1317152972
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Is it possible to create democratic forms of policing in transitional and developing societies? This volume argues that policing models and practices promoted by the west are often inadequate for adoption by countries making democratic transitions because they do not adequately address issues such as human rights, equity, co-production, accountability, openness and organizational change. Therefore police reform is often limited to a "one size fits all" approach. The book expands the dialogue so that discussions of democratic policing around the world are more realistic, comprehensive and sensitive to the local context. Detailed case studies on Iraq, South Africa, Northern Ireland and Kazakhstan provide a realistic assessment of the current state of policing. The editors use the studies to suggest how to promote democratic policing and other important goals of democratic reform around the world. The volume will assist academics, policy makers, NGOs and others in tailoring a local democratic policing strategy within a broader framework to enhance socioeconomic development and citizen capacity, build social capital, reduce various forms of conflict and support human rights.

Police Reform in Mexico by Daniel Sabet

Title Police Reform in Mexico
Author Daniel Sabet
Publisher Stanford University Press
Release 2012-05-02
Category Political Science
Total Pages 296
ISBN 0804782067
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The urgent need to professionalize Mexican police has been recognized since the early 1990s, but despite even the most well-intentioned promises from elected officials and police chiefs, few gains have been made in improving police integrity. Why have reform efforts in Mexico been largely unsuccessful? This book seeks to answer the question by focusing on Mexico's municipal police, which make up the largest percentage of the country's police forces. Indeed, organized crime presents a major obstacle to institutional change, with criminal groups killing hundreds of local police in recent years. Nonetheless, Daniel Sabet argues that the problems of Mexican policing are really problems of governance. He finds that reform has suffered from a number of policy design and implementation challenges. More importantly, the informal rules of Mexican politics have prevented the continuity of reform efforts across administrations, allowed patronage appointments to persist, and undermined anti-corruption efforts. Although many advances have been made in Mexican policing, weak horizontal and vertical accountability mechanisms have failed to create sufficient incentives for institutional change. Citizens may represent the best hope for counterbalancing the toxic effects of organized crime and poor governance, but the ambivalent relationship between citizens and their police must be overcome to break the vicious cycle of corruption and ineffectiveness.

Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction by United States Institute of Peace

Title Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction
Author United States Institute of Peace
Publisher US Institute of Peace Press
Release 2009
Category Political Science
Total Pages 232
ISBN 1601270461
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"Guiding principles for stabilization and reconstruction presents the first-ever, comprehensive set of shared principles for building sustainable peace in societies emerging from violent conflict ... A product of the collaboration between the United States Institute of Peace and the United States Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, this manual reflects the input of dozens of institutions across the peacebuilding community. It is based on a comprehensive review of major strategic policy documents from state ministries of defense, foreign affairs and development, along with major intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations that toil in war-shattered landscapes around the globe"--Page 4 of cover.

Violence in Central America by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere (2007- )

Title Violence in Central America
Author United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere (2007- )
Publisher
Release 2007
Category
Total Pages
ISBN
Language English, Spanish, and French
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The New Faces of Victimhood by Rianne Letschert

Title The New Faces of Victimhood
Author Rianne Letschert
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release 2011-01-21
Category Law
Total Pages 343
ISBN 9789048190201
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Besides generating wealth, globalization makes victims, including victims of new forms of crime. In this edited book of scholarly essays, international lawyers and criminologists reflect on the legal challenges posed by these dark sides of globalization. Examples include transnational organised crime, human trafficking and corruption, cyber crimes, international terrorism, global corporate crime and cross-border environmental crimes. The authors reflect on the limits of domestic systems of justice in providing protection, empowerment and redress to the victims of these emerging forms of global insecurity. They argue for the need of better international or supra-national institutional arrangements such as legal instruments and actions of the United Nations or regional organizations such as the European Union. In part I Jan Van Dijk and Rianne Letschert present an overview of trends in criminal victimization against the backdrop of globalization using a unique set of statistical indicators. By placing this issue in the framework of the human security concept, the authors draw out its broader political and normative implications. Theologist Ralf Bodelier explains how modern communication technologies have heightened sensitivities among the general public for human insecurities anywhere in the world. In his view, a new global conscience is in the making that may become the cornerstone of international solidarity and action. Marc Groenhuijsen and Rianne Letschert describe the emergence of national and international legal and institutional arrangements to offer remedies to victims of crime in an era of globalization. In part II a selection of experts analyse the specific issues surrounding the protection and empowerment of victims of different types of international crimes such as human trafficking, organised crime/corruption, terrorism, global corporate crime and cross border environmental crimes. In part III focused attention is given to the special challenges and opportunities of protecting and assisting crime victims in cyberspace. Part IV deals with emerging victim issues in humanitarian law such as the accountability of private military companies and the implementation of the ambitious victim provisions in the statute of the International Criminal Court including the establishment of a global fund for reparations. In the final part of the book some of its core authors formulate their ideas about the international institutional arrangements that should be put in place to offer justice to the victims of globalization. A concrete proposal is made for the transformation of the United Nations 1985 Declaration on the Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power into a full-fledged UN convention. In the final chapter further proposals are made for the increased involvement of regional organisations such as the European Union in the protection of victims of global crime.

Advancing the Rule of Law Abroad by Rachel Kleinfeld

Title Advancing the Rule of Law Abroad
Author Rachel Kleinfeld
Publisher Brookings Institution Press
Release 2012-11-28
Category Political Science
Total Pages 281
ISBN 0870032666
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In the modern era, political leaders and scholars have declared the rule of law to be essential to democracy, a necessity for economic growth, and a crucial tool in the fight for security at home and stability abroad. The United States has spent billions attempting to catalyze rule-of-law improvements within other countries. Yet despite the importance of the goal to core foreign policy needs, and the hard work of hundreds of practitioners on the ground, the track record of successful rule-of-law promotion has been paltry. In Advancing the Rule of Law Abroad, Rachel Kleinfeld describes the history and current state of reform efforts and the growing movement of second-generation reformers who view the rule of law not as a collection of institutions and laws that can be built by outsiders, but as a relationship between the state and society that must be shaped by those inside the country for lasting change. Based on research in countries from Indonesia to Albania, Kleinfeld makes a compelling case for new methods of reform that can have greater chances of success. This book offers a comprehensive overview of this growing area of policy action where diplomacy and aid meet the domestic policies of other states. Its insights into the practical methods and moral complexities of supporting reform within other countries will be useful to practitioners and students alike.