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The Islamic Enlightenment by Christopher de Bellaigue

Title The Islamic Enlightenment
Author Christopher de Bellaigue
Publisher
Release 2018-08-14
Category History
Total Pages 432
ISBN 9781631493980
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In this "stylishly written, surprisingly moving chronicle" (Harper's), Christopher de Bellaigue presents an absorbing account of the political and social reformations that transformed the lands of Islam in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. "The best sort of book for our disordered days" (Pankaj Mishra), The Islamic Enlightenment "is at once new, fascinating and extraordinarily important" (Wall Street Journal) as it challenges ossified perceptions in Western culture that self- righteously condemn the Muslim world as hopelessly benighted. This false perception belies the fact that Islamic civilization has long been undergoing its own anguished transformation, and that the violence of an infinitesimally small minority is the blowback from this process. In reclaiming the stories of the "fascinating . . . individuals who would grapple with reform and modernization" (New York Times Book Review), de Bellaigue's "eye-opening, well-written, and very timely" (Yuval Harrari) history shows the folly of Westerners demanding modernity from people whose lives are already drenched in it.

The Oxford Handbook of Humanism by Anthony B. Pinn

Title The Oxford Handbook of Humanism
Author Anthony B. Pinn
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release 2021
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 824
ISBN 0190921536
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

As a system of thought that values human needs and experiences over supernatural concerns, humanism has gained greater attention amid the rapidly shifting demographics of religious communities. This outlook has taken on global dimensions, with activists, artists, and thinkers forming a humanistic response not only to religion, but to the pressing social and political issues of the 21st century. The Oxford Handbook of Humanism aims to explore the subject byanalyzing its history, its philosophical development, and its influence on culture. It will also discuss humanism as a global phenomenon-an approach that has often been neglected in more Western-focused works.

The Idea of European Islam by Mohammed Hashas

Title The Idea of European Islam
Author Mohammed Hashas
Publisher Routledge
Release 2018-07-24
Category Political Science
Total Pages 330
ISBN 1351604007
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Suspicions about the integration of Islam into European cultures have been steadily on the rise, and dramatically so since 9/11. One reason lies in the visibility of anti-Western Islamic discourses of salafi origin, which have monopolized the debate on the "true" Islam, not only among Muslims but also in the eyes of the general population across Europe; these discourses combined with Islamophobic discourses reinforce the so-called incompatibility between the West and Islam. This book breaks away from this clash between Islam and the West, by arguing that European Islam is possible. It analyzes the contribution that European Islam has made to the formation of an innovative Islamic theology that is deeply ethicist and modern, and it clarifies how this constructed European Islamic theology is able to contribute to the various debates that are related to secular-liberal democracies of Western Europe. Part I introduces four major projects that defend the idea of European Islam from different disciplines and perspectives: politics, political theology, jurisprudence and philosophy. Part II uses the frameworks from three major philosophers and scholars to approach the idea of European Islam in the context of secular-liberal societies: British scholar George Hourani, Moroccan philosopher Taha Abderrahmane and the American philosopher John Rawls. The book shows that the ongoing efforts of European Muslim thinkers to revisit the concept of citizenship and political community can be seen as a new kind of political theology, in opposition to radical forms of Islamic thinking in some Muslim-majority countries. Opening a new path for examining Islamic thought "in and of" Europe, this book will appeal to students and scholars of Islamic Studies, Islam in the West and Political Theology.

Title Dimensions of Constitutional Democracy
Author Anupama Roy
Publisher Springer Nature
Release 2020-06-01
Category Political Science
Total Pages 234
ISBN 9811538999
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book examines a selection of themes that have become salient in contemporary debates on constitutional democracies. It focuses in particular on the experiences of India and Germany as examples of post-war and post-colonial constitutional democracies whose trajectories illustrate democratic transitions and transformative constitutionalism. While transformative constitutionalism has come to be associated specifically with the post-apartheid experience in South Africa, this book uses the transformative as an analytical framework to transcend the dichotomy of west and east and explore how temporally coincident constitutions have sought to install constitutional democracies by breaking with the past. While the constitution-making processes in the two countries were specific to their political contexts, the constitutional promises and futures converged. In this context, the book explores the themes of Constitutionalism, Nationalism, Secularism, Sovereignty and Rule of Law, Freedoms and Rights, to investigate how the contestations over democratic transitions and democratic futures have unfolded in the two democracies. It offers readers valuable insights into how the normative frameworks of constitutional democracy take concrete form at specific sites of democratic and constitutional imagination in Dalit and Islamic writings, as well as the relationship between state and religion in the writings of public intellectuals, political and legal philosophers. The book also focuses on specific sites of contestation in democracies including the relationship between sovereignty and citizenship in post-colonial India, free speech and sedition in liberal democracies, questions of land rights in connection with economic and political changes in contemporary contexts, and the rights of indigenous communities with regard to international conventions and domestic law. Given its scope, it will be of interest to students and scholars of political theory, political philosophy, comparative constitutionalism, law and human rights.

Reopening Muslim Minds by Mustafa Akyol

Title Reopening Muslim Minds
Author Mustafa Akyol
Publisher St. Martin's Essentials
Release 2021-04-06
Category Religion
Total Pages 256
ISBN 1250256070
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A fascinating journey into Islam's diverse history of ideas, making an argument for an "Islamic Enlightenment" today In Reopening Muslim Minds, Mustafa Akyol, senior fellow at the Cato Institute and opinion writer for The New York Times, both diagnoses “the crisis of Islam” in the modern world, and offers a way forward. Diving deeply into Islamic theology, and also sharing lessons from his own life story, he reveals how Muslims lost the universalism that made them a great civilization in their earlier centuries. He especially demonstrates how values often associated with Western Enlightenment — freedom, reason, tolerance, and an appreciation of science — had Islamic counterparts, which sadly were cast aside in favor of more dogmatic views, often for political ends. Elucidating complex ideas with engaging prose and storytelling, Reopening Muslim Minds borrows lost visions from medieval Muslim thinkers such as Ibn Rushd (aka Averroes), to offer a new Muslim worldview on a range of sensitive issues: human rights, equality for women, freedom of religion, or freedom from religion. While frankly acknowledging the problems in the world of Islam today, Akyol offers a clear and hopeful vision for its future.

Islam and Good Governance by M. A. Muqtedar Khan

Title Islam and Good Governance
Author M. A. Muqtedar Khan
Publisher Springer
Release 2019-04-08
Category Religion
Total Pages 278
ISBN 1137548320
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book advances an Islamic political philosophy based on the concept of Ihsan, which means to do beautiful things. The author moves beyond the dominant model of Islamic governance advanced by modern day Islamists. The political philosophy of Ihsan privileges process over structure, deeds over identity, love over law and mercy and forgiveness over retribution. The work invites Muslims to move away from thinking about the form of Islamic government and to strive to create a self-critical society that defends national virtue and generates institutions and practices that provide good governance.

Islam as Critique by Khurram Hussain

Title Islam as Critique
Author Khurram Hussain
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing
Release 2019-09-05
Category Religion
Total Pages 232
ISBN 1350006343
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

What would it mean to imagine Islam as an immanent critique of the West? Sayyid Ahmad Khan lived in a time of great tribulation for Muslim India under British rule. By examining Khan's work as a critical expression of modernity rooted in the Muslim experience of it, Islam as Critique argues that Khan is essential to understanding the problematics of modern Islam and its relationship to the West. The book re-imagines Islam as an interpretive strategy for investigating the modern condition, and as an engaged alternative to mainstream Western thought. Using the life and work of nineteenth-century Indian Muslim polymath Khan (1817-1898), it identifies Muslims as a viable resource for both critical intervention in important ethical debates of our times and as legitimate participants in humanistic discourses that underpin a just global order. Islam as Critique locates Khan within a broader strain in modern Islamic thought that is neither a rejection of the West, nor a wholesale acceptance of it. The author calls this “Critical Islam”. By bringing Khan's critical engagement with modernity into conversation with similar critical analyses of the modern by Reinhold Niebuhr, Hannah Arendt, and Alasdair MacIntyre, the author shows how Islam can be read as critique.

The Muslim Speaks by Khurram Hussain

Title The Muslim Speaks
Author Khurram Hussain
Publisher Zed Books Ltd.
Release 2020-10-29
Category Political Science
Total Pages 366
ISBN 1786999714
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Muslim Speaks reimagines Islam as a strategy for investigating the modern condition. Rather than imagining it as an issue external to a discrete West, Khurram Hussain constructs Islam as internal to the elaboration and expansion of the West. In doing so he reveals three discursive traps – that of ‘freedom’, ‘reason’ and ‘culture’ – that inhibit the availability of Islam as a feasible, critical interlocutor in Western deliberations about moral, intellectual and political concerns. Through close examination of this inhibition, Hussain posits that while Islamophobia is clearly a moral wrong, ‘depoliticization’ more accurately describes the problems associated with the lived experience of Muslims in the West and elsewhere. Weaving together his conclusions in the hope of a common world, Khurram Hussain boldy and quite radically deems that what Islam needs is not depoliticization, but infact repoliticization.

The Abbasid Caliphate by Tayeb El-Hibri

Title The Abbasid Caliphate
Author Tayeb El-Hibri
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release 2021-04-22
Category History
Total Pages
ISBN 1316872254
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The period of the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258) has long been recognized as the formative period of Islamic civilization with its various achievements in the areas of science, literature, and culture. This history of the Abbasid Caliphate from its foundation in 750 and golden age under Harun al-Rashid to the conquest of Baghdad by the Mongols in 1258 examines the Caliphate as an empire and institution, and probes its influence over Islamic culture and society. Ranging widely to survey the entire five-century history of the Abbasid dynasty, Tayeb El-Hibri examines the resilience of the Caliphate as an institution, as a focal point of religious definitions, and as a source of legitimacy to various contemporary Islamic monarchies. The study revisits ideas of 'golden age' and 'decline' with a new reading, tries to separate Abbasid history from the myths of the Arabian Nights, and shows how the legacy of the caliphs continues to resonate in the modern world in direct and indirect ways.

Title The Cambridge Companion to Sayyid Ahmad Khan
Author Yasmin Saikia
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release 2019-03-21
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 308
ISBN 1108483879
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Examines Sayyid Ahmad Khan's life and contribution in the nineteenth century and his legacy in our current times.