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War Society and Enlightenment by Patrick J. Speelman

Title War Society and Enlightenment
Author Patrick J. Speelman
Publisher BRILL
Release 2005-08-01
Category History
Total Pages 747
ISBN 904740758X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This volume is the first compilation and only modern edition of General Lloyd's political, economic and historical treatises and military memoirs. As such it provides fresh insight into the study of war and society during the Age of the Enlightenment.

Title War in the Age of Enlightenment 1700 1789
Author Armstrong Starkey
Publisher Greenwood Publishing Group
Release 2003
Category History
Total Pages 232
ISBN 9780275972400
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

War in the 18th century war was a complex operation, including popular as well as conventional conflict, between Europeans and with non-Europeans. These conflicts influenced European intellectuals and contributed to the complexity of Enlightenment thought. While Enlightenment writers regarded war as the greatest evil confronting mankind, they had little hope that it could be eliminated; thus, peace proposals of the day were joined by more realistic discussion of the means by which war might be limited or rendered more humane. In this book, the author considers the influence of ideas and values on the actions of Enlightenment military personnel and how the rational spirit of the time influenced military thought, producing a military enlightenment that applied rational analysis to military tactics and to the composition of armies. In the late Enlightenment, military writers explored the psychological foundations of war as a means of stimulating a new military spirit among the troops. The Enlightenment was, however, not the only cultural influence upon war during this century. Religion, the traditional values of the ancien regime, and local values all contributed to the culture of force. When Europeans engaged in military encounters with peoples in other parts of the globe, cultural interchange inevitably occurred as well. Further, there is a revolutionary element that one must consider when defining the military culture. The result of all these factors was a creative tension in 18th century warfare and an extraordinarily complex military culture.

Title Henry Lloyd and the Military Enlightenment of Eighteenth century Europe
Author Patrick J. Speelman
Publisher Praeger
Release 2002
Category History
Total Pages 219
ISBN
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Intellectual historians generally view the Enlightenment as a pacifist or anti-war movement. Military historians typically consider 18th century military thinkers as backward-looking and inept. Speelman challenges the views of both groups through a consideration of the writings of Henry Lloyd, a soldier and Welsh philosophe who combined enlightened thought and military experience to distill a distinct theory of war. Based on previously unused or underutilized primary materials, this is the first biography of this key enlightenment thinker who advanced the general understanding of war as it existed in his day. Lloyd wrote a multivolume history of the Seven Years' War from which he derived the Principles of War; a treatise on economics that prefigured the liberal theories of Adam Smith; a rhapsody on the invasion and defense of Great Britain; and finally an anonymous critique of the English constitution that he used to demand political and electoral reform. Overall, he argued for the reform of military institutions and practices through breaking from custom and traditional norms. In his works, Lloyd examined warfare within the larger context of secular philosophy and human society; and, thus, he personified the link between the military society and the Enlightenment that historians often ignore or discount.

Title A History of Military Thought
Author Azar Gat
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release 2001
Category History
Total Pages 890
ISBN 9780199247622
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

From ideas of Clausewitz to contemporary doctrines of containment & cold war, this is a history of modern military thought. It explores conceptions of war, strategy, & military theory, relating them to their cultural & historical contexts.

Critique and Crisis by Reinhart Koselleck

Title Critique and Crisis
Author Reinhart Koselleck
Publisher MIT Press
Release 2000-03-13
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 214
ISBN 9780262611572
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Critique and Crisis established Reinhart Koselleck's reputation as the most important German intellectual historian of the postwar period. This first English translation of Koselleck's tour de force demonstrates a chronological breadth, a philosophical depth, and an originality which are hardly equalled in any scholarly domain. It is a history of the Enlightenment in miniature, fundamental to our understanding of that period and its consequences. Like Tocqueville, Koselleck views Enlightenment intellectuals as an uprooted, unrealistic group of onlookers who sowed the seeds of the modern political tensions that first flowered in the French Revolution. He argues that it was the split that developed between state and society during the Enlightenment that fostered the emergence of this intellectual elite divorced from the realities of politics. Koselleck describes how this disjunction between political authority proper and its subjects led to private spheres that later became centers of moral authority and, eventually, models for political society that took little or no notice of the constraints under which politicians must inevitably work. In this way progressive bourgeois philosophy, which seemed to offer the promise of a unified and peaceful world, in fact produced just the opposite. The book provides a wealth of examples drawn from all of Europe to illustrate the still relevant message that we evade the constraints and the necessities of the political realm at our own risk. Critique and Crisis is included in the series Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought, edited by Thomas McCarthy.

Desolation and Enlightenment by Ira Katznelson

Title Desolation and Enlightenment
Author Ira Katznelson
Publisher Columbia University Press
Release 2003
Category Psychology
Total Pages 185
ISBN 0231111940
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

During and especially after the Second World War, a group of leading scholars who had been perilously close to the war's devastation joined others fortunate enough to have been protected by distance in an effort to redefine and reinvigorate Western liberal ideals for a radically new age. Treating evil as an analytical category, they sought to discover the sources of twentieth-century horror and the potentialities of the modern state in the wake of western desolation. In the process, they devised strikingly new ways to understand politics, sociology and history that reverberate still. In this major intellectual history, Ira Katznelson examines the works of Hannah Arendt, Robert Dahl, Richard Hofstadter, Harold Lasswell, Charles Lindblom, Karl Polanyi, and David Truman, detailing their engagement with the larger project of reclaiming the West's moral bearing. In light of their epoch's calamities these intellectuals insisted that the tradition of Enlightenment thought required a new realism, a good deal of renovation, and much recommitment. This array of historians, political philosophers, and social scientists understood that a simple reassertion of liberal modernism had been made radically insufficient by the enormities and moral catastrophes of war, totalitarianism, and holocaust. Confronting their period's dashed hopes for reason and knowledge, they asked not just whether the Enlightenment should define modernity, but which Enlightenment we should wish to have. Decades later, in the midst of a new type of war and reanimated discussions of the concept of evil, we share no small stake in assessing their successes and limitations.

Title Tracing War in British Enlightenment and Romantic Culture
Author Gillian Russell
Publisher Springer
Release 2016-04-29
Category Fiction
Total Pages 239
ISBN 1137474319
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This volume argues for the enduring and pervasive significance of war in the formation of British Enlightenment and Romantic culture. Showing how war throws into question conventional disciplinary parameters and periodization, essays in the collection consider how war shapes culture through its multiple, divergent, and productive traces.

Title The Enlightenment and Its Effects on Modern Society
Author Milan Zafirovski
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release 2010-12-25
Category Social Science
Total Pages 367
ISBN 1441973877
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Enlightenment of the late 17th and 18th century is characterized by an emphasis on reason and empiricism . As a major shaping philosophy of Western culture, it had a historical impact on the religious, cultural, academic, and social institutions of 18th century Europe. In this compelling volume, the author explores the lasting impact of Enlightenment thinking on modern Western societies and other democracies. With an interdisciplinary, comparative-historical approach this volume explores the impact of Enlightenment ideals such as liberty, equality, and social justice on current social institutions. Combining sociological theory with concrete examples, the author provides a unique framework for understanding modern cultural development, including a picture of how it would look without this Enlightenment basis. This work provides a multi-faceted approach, including: an historical overview, analysis of the Enlightenment’s influence on modern democratic societies, modern culture, political science, civil society and the economy, as well as exploring the counter-Enlightenment, Post-Enlightenment, and Neo-Enlightenment philosophies.

The Military Enlightenment by Christy Pichichero

Title The Military Enlightenment
Author Christy Pichichero
Publisher Cornell University Press
Release 2017-11-15
Category History
Total Pages 318
ISBN 1501709658
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

'The Military Enlightenment', tells a new story of enlightenment happening in what seems the least likely of spaces: those of war, martial culture, and the French armed forces on the continent and in the colonies.