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Blood and Belief by Aliza Marcus

Title Blood and Belief
Author Aliza Marcus
Publisher NYU Press
Release 2009-04-01
Category History
Total Pages 363
ISBN 0814795870
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

During the Progressive Era, over 150 African American women's clubs flourished in Chicago. Through these clubs, women created a vibrant social world of their own, seeking to achieve social and political uplift by educating themselves and the members of their communities. In politics, they battled legal discrimination, advocated anti-lynching laws, and fought for suffrage. In the tradition of other mothering, in which the the community shares in the care and raising of all its children, the club women established kindergartens, youth clubs, and homes for the elderly. In Toward a Tenderer Humanity and a Nobler Womanhood, Anne Meis Knupfer documents how the club women created multiple allegiances through social and club networks and sheds light on the life experiences of African American women in urban centers throughout the country. Drawing upon the primary documents of African American newspapers, journals, and speeches of the time, this book chronicles and analyzes the complexity and richness of the African American club women's lives as they lifted while others climbed.

The PKK by Doctor Paul White

Title The PKK
Author Doctor Paul White
Publisher Zed Books Ltd.
Release 2015-08-15
Category Political Science
Total Pages 216
ISBN 1783600403
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) is infamous for its violence. The struggle it has waged for Kurdish independence in southeastern Turkey has cost in excess of 40,000 lives since 1984. A less-known fact, however, is that the PKK now embraces a non-violent end to the conflict, with its leader Abdullah Öcalan having ordered a ceasefire and engaging in a negotiated peace with the Ankara government. Whether these tentative attempts at peacemaking mean an end to the bloodshed remains to be seen, but either way the ramifications for Turkey and the wider region are potentially huge. Charting the ideological evolution of the PKK, as well as its origins, aims and structure, Paul White provides the only authoritative and up-to-date analysis of one of the most important non-state political players in the contemporary Middle East.

Title Prison Writings The PKK and the Kurdish Question in the 21st Century International Initiative Edition
Author Abdullah Ocalan
Publisher TMP Distribution
Release 2013-03-13
Category History
Total Pages
ISBN 3942961032
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Abdullah Ocalan was the leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party, the PKK, and the most wanted man in Turkey for almost two decades. He was eventually kidnapped while in Kenya in 1999, and has been in prison in Turkey ever since. From 1984, under his leadership, the PKK fought for an independent Kurdish state in the south east of Turkey. In a sustained popular uprising, tens of thousands of PKK guerrillas took on the second largest army in NATO. The conflict has remained unsolved till today and the fighting still goes on. While in prison, Mr. Ocalan has written a number of books, in which he analyses the situation in Kurdistan and offers proposals for a peaceful solution to the conflict.

Title The PKK Kurdistan Workers Party s Regional Politics
Author Ali Balci
Publisher Springer
Release 2016-11-30
Category Political Science
Total Pages 212
ISBN 3319422197
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book presents a theoretical framework to study dissident ethnic movements’ imagination of world politics, with a special focus on the PKK as a case study. Dissident ethnic movements are not only a challenge to the existing hegemonic power, but they also produce an alternative closed society based on different ethnic imagination. Instead of taking the armed PKK movement as a pure resistant, this book approaches contemporary Kurdish nationalism led by the PKK as a counter-hegemonic with a narrative that entails the emergence of a new kind of identity and sense of belonging, through which the PKK has been able to exercise its power. This book is an attempt to go beyond resistance-oriented approach, unveiling the two faces of the PKK’s representation of world politics: its transformative effect on the Kurds, and its exclusionary function towards traditional and alternative Kurdish subjects/institutions.

Turkey s Kurds by Ali Kemal Özcan

Title Turkey s Kurds
Author Ali Kemal Özcan
Publisher Routledge
Release 2012-10-12
Category History
Total Pages 256
ISBN 1134211309
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Kurdish Worker's Party (PKK) is examined here in this text on Kurdish nationalism. Incorporating recent field-based research results and newly translated material on Abdullah Ocalan, the PKK's long-time leader; it explores the nature and the organizational working of the party, from its growth in the late 1970s to its recent shrinkage. A variety of issues are addressed including: * the views and philosophy of Abdullah Ocalan * the successes and failures of the PKK in bringing about the Kurdish opposition in Turkey * the role of PKK's philosophy of recruitment, organizational diligence, use of arms and other contextual factors in Kurdish resistance * factors involved in the development of the nationalism of the Kurds in Turkey. The text also reappraises the Kurdish movement in Turkey and presents insights into the nature of Kurdish social structure, thinking, and the particularities of the Kurdish ethnic distinctness.

Title EU Turkey and Counter Terrorism
Author Ethem Ilbiz
Publisher Edward Elgar Publishing
Release 2021-04-30
Category Political Science
Total Pages 240
ISBN 1800379579
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This perceptive analysis examines the effect of the EU on Turkish counter-terrorism polices towards the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) and the Islamic State (ISIL), and aims to investigate the extent to which the EU has developed the capacity to play a role in Turkish counter-terrorism policy through promoting democratisation.

Title Iraqi Kurdistan the PKK and International Relations
Author Hannes Černy
Publisher Routledge
Release 2017-07-28
Category Political Science
Total Pages 342
ISBN 1317197585
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Due to its primacy in explaining issues of war and peace in the international arena, the discipline of International Relations (IR) looms large in analyses of and responses to ethnic conflict in academia, politics and popular media – in particular with respect to contemporary conflicts in the Middle East. Grounded in constitutive theory, this book challenges how ethnic/ethno-nationalist conflict is represented in explanatory IR by deconstructing its most prominent state-centric models, frameworks and analytical concepts. As much a critique of contemporary scholarship on Kurdish ethno-nationalism as a detailed analysis of the most prominent Kurdish ethno-nationalist actors, the book provides the first in-depth investigation into the relations between the PKK and the main Iraqi Kurdish political parties from the 1980s to the present. It situates this inquiry within the wider context of the ambiguous political status of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, its relations with Turkey, and the role Kurdish parties and insurgencies play in the war against ISIS in Iraq and Syria. Appreciating these complex dynamics and how they are portrayed in Western scholarship is essential for understanding current developments in the Iraqi and Syrian theatres of war, and for making sense of discussions about a potential independent Kurdish state to emerge in Iraq. Iraqi Kurdistan provides a comprehensive and critical discussion of the state-centric and essentialising epistemologies, ontologies, and methodologies of the three main paradigms of explanatory IR, as well as their analytical models and frameworks on ethnic identity and conflict in the Middle East and beyond. It will therefore be a valuable resource for anyone studying ethnicity and nationalism, International Relations or Middle East Politics.

Title Insurgency and Counter Insurgency in Turkey
Author Spyridon Plakoudas
Publisher Springer
Release 2018-04-04
Category Political Science
Total Pages 100
ISBN 3319756591
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book seeks to answer the “why” and “how” questions about the insurgency of the PKK, a militant left-wing group of Turkey’s Kurds, in Turkey. The PKK has been inter-locked in an intermittent war against Turkey since 1984 in the name of Kurdish nationalism. The author combines insights of Strategy and IR - from strategy and tactics in irregular warfare to peace negotiations between state authorities and insurgents, with data from qualitative research, to achieve two inter-related objectives: first, assess the current state of affairs and predict the future course of the conflict and, secondly, draw general conclusions on how protracted conflicts can end and how.

Understanding Insurgency by Francis O'Connor

Title Understanding Insurgency
Author Francis O'Connor
Publisher
Release 2021
Category HISTORY
Total Pages
ISBN 9781108975087
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"Insurgent movements need a degree of popular support to survive in the medium to long term. It's an insight long acknowledged and put into practice by both rebels and those tasked with defeating them (E. Ahmad 1982, 245; Trinquier 1964, 8). In the case of the PKK's armed campaign in Turkey, the importance of insurgent popular support has always been understood as a key dimension of the conflict. PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan stated 'society's support is crucial for us. If they didn't help us, it would be impossible for PKK to survive, we would be already dead by now' (in Birand 1994, 136; Serxwebûn 1984a).1 Conversely, prominent Turkish army commanders have stated that the key to breaking PKK strength was to inhibit or destroy physical interactions with its supporters (in K. M. Güney 2009, 87; Kurban 2012, 7). A key figure of the Turkish counterinsurgency strategy in the 1990s, General Pamukoğlu acknowledged the extent of reciprocal trust between the PKK and its supporters by stating that the 'public knows where they [PKK militants] are and even where and when they will be at least two days beforehand' (Pamukoğlu 2003, 58). The recognition that the PKK did in fact enjoy widespread popularity has however been politically inopportune and is inevitably accompanied by the qualifier that such support is the result of PKK terror and coercion (Pamukoğlu 2003, 52)"--

Kurdish Politics in Turkey by Seevan Saeed

Title Kurdish Politics in Turkey
Author Seevan Saeed
Publisher Routledge
Release 2016-09-13
Category Political Science
Total Pages 154
ISBN 1317271165
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In the aftermath of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the Kurds were promised their own state. However, several factors meant that this dream never became a reality, and the land of the Kurds was divided. Amid a sense of a loss of identity, the Kurds started to fight for their social and political rights. ‘Kurdish Politics in Turkey’ argues that the Kurdish struggle has largely been a failure, and that the emergence of the Unions of Communities in Kurdistan (KCK) has been a direct result of this. The book examines the success of the KCK and how it has transformed this Kurdish struggle in Turkey from a one-dimensional political movement, to a multi-dimensional social movement.

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